Okay, here we are (finally) talking about a species of hominin that I guess everyone has heard of at some point: Neandertals
Note I use a different spelling than your textbook which is Neandertal.
Politics: Cooperation, Conflict & Power Relations
Anthropology looks at political systems more broadly than political science, way beyond Western democracy to every form of
political organization thats ever been tried.
As a result the
Understanding the Past
Archaeological and Paleoanthropological Methods
Biocultural Evolution 1
The next several chapters will explore the work of both paleoanthropologists and archaeologists. Sometimes these areas of
specialty overlapping, somet
Ethnography: Studying Culture
Prior to the 1970s, anthropologists typically aimed to work in exotic
faraway places in order to document the most pronounced cultural
Today, cultural anthropologists are much more aware of the
What Do We Mean by Health and Illness? 1
Medical anthropology is the subfield of anthropology that tries to understand how social, cultural, biological, and
linguistic factors shape the health of human beings. Doctors and o
Processes of Vertebrate and Mammalian Evolution
This chapter concentrates on macroevolution and the intent of your studying this material is to introduce the basic concepts
and vocabulary of evolutionary theory as
Heredity and Evolution
The first part of the chapter may be a review for you or your first introduction to the concepts associated with
Genetics is the branch of science that deals with the inheritance of biological characte
Culture: Giving Meaning
to Human Lives
How does the concept of culture help explain
the differences and similarities in peoples
ways of life?
What is culture?
If culture is emergent and dynamic, why does it feel so stable?
How is culture express
Culture: Giving Meaning to Human Lives
Culture is Hard to Define
In 1952 a study was published by two famous anthropologists, A. L. Kroeber & Clyde Kluckhohn
In this book (Culture: A critical review of concepts and definitions) they compiled a
Economics: Working, Sharing, & Buying
All economies are shaped by local social relationships, cultures, and moralities. Post-socialist Russia is a particularly good
example of these processes in motion.
One strategy that persists from R
The Origin and Dispersal of Modern Humans
The first modern Homo sapiens evolved in Africa close to 200 kya (by 195 kya).
Within 150,000 years, their descendants had spread across most of the Old World.
All contemporary populati
Early Holocene Hunters & Gatherers
We have moved up in time to the Holocene: The geological epoch during which we now live (starts roughly 11,00010,000
This chapter begins with a brief discussion of Kennewick Man, perha
Biocultural Evolution and the Anthropocene
Through biocultural evolution, humans have become extraordinarily different from other species.
We are now dangerous to ourselves, other living things, and the earth itself.
The First Civilizations
Civilizations in Perspective 1
The appearance of the first cities laid the foundation for our modern way of living.
The term civilization is not another word culture or society and is also not the same as state or city.
Modern Human Variation and Adaptation
Historical Views of Human Variation 1
As people encounter each other they look for ways to distinguish themselves. Skin color has been one of these ways as it is
By at least 1350 BCE (Before C
Overview of the Primates
My favorite line in the whole book: Chimpanzees are not monkeys, but ya gotta love the trunk monkey commercials
We study primates because we are a primate species and so by studying those species closest to ours
Anthropology: Asking Questions about Humanity
Why Study Anthropology?
Each student on the EvCC campus is asked to take at least one diversity class.
There is a pragmatic reason for this: employers have a list of skills they look for in their emp
Kinship, Marriage & Family: Love, Sex & Power
Society includes many different social groups, with different sorts of principles, which perform different functions.
May constitute embedded series: Nation (USA), states,
By the end of the last Ice Age, humans were living in most of the worlds inhabitable places.
They did so without becoming multiple species (as is usual in nature)
This was accomplished by our biocultural adaptat
Beyond Nature and Nurture
Nature and nurture (often expressed as nature or nurture, as if all traits must be the result of one or the other) are not
opposed and mutually exclusive, but rather intertwined, processes.
Right now, with the
Development of Evolutionary Theory
Evolutionary Theory 1
One of the important themes that holds biological anthropology and archaeology together is that they are based on
The intent of this course is NOT to turn everyone i
Religion: Ritual and Belief
All cultures share some form of religion (cosmology) and all exhibit the following:
All cultures have ideas about the supernatural and ways to interact with it.
All cultures talk about supernatural beings su
Man is an animal who
more than any other can
adapt himself to all
- Henry David Thoreau, Walden, 1854
Source: Library of Congress
Primate studies often use an ecological approach to explain variation in primate behavior between different species and
within a single species.
The focus is on habitat, specifically contrasting terrestrial and
The First Dispersal of the Genus Homo
Homo erectus and Contemporaries
About 2 million years ago a major shift occurred in hominin evolution: hominins expanded out of Africa into other areas of
the Old World
There is universal agr
Early Primate Evolution 1
I need to make a few comments so we can stay focused.
We are discussing paleoprimatology in this section of the chapter.
We are ignoring a great amount of data about ancient primate fossils and followi
Linguistic Anthropology: Relating Language and Culture
To use language is the essence of being human.
Culture is stored in language and transmitted using language. It is our ultimate tool.
Question: Can we do things without language?
Welcome to Anthropology
Our Place in Nature
What is Anthropology?
Anthropology is the study of humanity in all its times and places.
The word anthropology comes from the Greek words anthropos (man) + logos (science of)
Foodways: Finding, Making & Eating Food
I clearly remember my Ph.D. chair requiring me to read in an area of study called the political economy of health.
I understood the health piece, after all I was a student of medical anthropology.