Chapter 8 Questions
1. Transcription always occurs in the 5 to 3 direction, this is represented by the arrows.
Promoter is located at 3 end.
RNA is synthesized on DNA in the nucleus and the figure is showing this in the nucleus.
1. A change in the nit
Chapter 1 Questions:
1. DNA contains nucleotides that are referred to as bases, and bases pair within the double
2. A) small blue spheres = sugars and phosphate groups
B) brown represents base pairing
C) DNA structure is similar to a ladd
Chapter 10 Questions:
1. One way to synthesize specific DNA segments to insert for recombination is amplifying
the DNA using Polymerase Chain Reaction. The other way would involve the copying of
mRNA to complementary DNA using enzymes for reverse transcri
Chapter 9 Questions:
1. R2 is near the 5 end (amino end) of the protein. A mutation for R2 is possible near
the 5 end of the mRNA.
2. The change from sense to nonsense codons involves the stop codons UAG, UAA or
UGA. This may lead to the termination of po
Chapter 3 Questions:
1. A) The probability would lie between 0.05 and 0.025
B) P value between 0.01 and 0.005
C)The probably value indicates whether the result can be accepted or rejected. The rule is
seen among the two previous calculations using the deg
Chapter 5 Questions:
1. Complete genome transfer does not occur in any of the four processes.
2. 40-50 colonies would be expected on average.
3. A) A-and B- cells will not form colonies on plating medium because they contain
mutations that prevent them fr
Chapter 2 Questions:
1. F2 results would not be produced from the cross pollination of two F1 plants.
2. It would be possible to find a pod with yellow peas even if the plants had dominant
3. Recessive phenotypes include: 1. Wrinkled seeds 2. Gre
Chapter 7 Questions:
1. The first four organisms are single celled organisms and did not produce any tissues. The
differences in organs and organ systems is what makes them unique.
2. Watson and Crick used the ring stands and the clamps while displaying t
Chapter 4 Questions
1. The non-cross over products would be brown (pr,vg) and yellow (pr+,vg+). These are not
2. The diagrams has two sister chromatids, but does not show meiosis for the double cross
overs. Crossovers between the two sister chromat
Chapter 6 Questions:
1. A) Yellow stars represent mutations.
B) The heterozygote is functionally wild type because though one gene is mutated, the
other gene on the opposite strand of DNA is still normally active, as it is haplosufficient.
2. The mutant a