Review for Test #1
1. Briefly describe the relationship between education and income in the US directly.
a. The more education one has, the more income one will receive.
i. Leads to higher income
2. How many working Americans
November 19, 2012
FINAL December 19 10:15- 12:15
What is sociology paragraph due before final.
ROLE-TAKING AND REFERENCE GROUP- Both of these theories relate to
the personality. Self means personality.
o Symbolic Interaction (The Generaliz
DEVIANCE: ROLE DISTANCE
Labeling Theory(Societal Reaction Approach)- Edwin Lemert, Howard Becker
(Based on Symbolic Interaction-Georg
A deviant is a person that has been discredited and acts out the role of a
Stigma- a mark or a brand
November 26, 2012
DEVIANCE AS A TRANSFORMATION OF SELF
o The Moral Career of the Mental Patient- Erving Goffman (St.
Elizabeths Hospital- Washington DC). By career he means any social
strand of a persons course of life.
Defining Career- A career is two
November 28, 2012
I. Industrialization (1820s in US)
Industrialization did not affect all womens lives. It improved women as workers
and mothers. First of all, family life did not immediately disintegrate and new jobs for
women were in traditionall
December 3, 2012
Socialization- It the life long process in which the individual participates effectively in
social groups and acquires new skills. It does the following:
- Renews our culture from one generation to another. By d
December 5, 2012
Exchange in Marketplace
Behavioral psychology- when persons act in certain ways, they are either
rewarded or punished for their behavior. His theory is concerned with human
interaction of a face-to-face, giv
December 10, 2012
Problems Confronted By Sociologists
Sociology should be a humanistic discipline. Sociologists should have more selfunderstanding as social scientists. Only then will the sociologists be able to discover
human values. The sociologists sci
Culture has a huge effect on individuals adapting to society. Through its advantages,
contact between other cultures and components, culture helps different societies function
There are three different aspects of culture that hel
October 17, 2012
Ethnic group- Early people identify themselves as members of a group. Their
people. These peoplehood live within a given rural land area. They had a political
government such as the French government and a common culture such a
/October 22, 2012
Ecosystem- a system where by species depend on each other to stay alive
o Species- a living thing
o Urban areas- a city.
Urbanization- a growing concentration of people in a small
geographical area. This causes pollu
October 24, 2012
Social evolution and Change
o Social change- changes in the patterns of culture, structure and social
behavior over time
o Sources of social change Physical environment- ecosystem. Here our survival hinges on a
working relationship with t
November 14, 2012
Symbolic Interaction and Dramaturgy.
Both of these theories are based on social interaction. Social interaction is the way in which
people respond to one another.
What happens when people interact?
o They develop shared meanin
ESSAY (25 PTS) SOCIOLOGY AS A SCIENCE Sociology- scientific study of the patterns of human interaction within society and how these patterns emerge, persist, and change.
1. Patterns of human interaction a. Student-teacher interaction b. We are social c. M