An entrepreneur may be defined as the owner or manager of an enterprise, its executive director, or a
member of its managing board. Self-employed people are also commonly considered to be
entrepreneurs, but not all data sources include self-employment in
Table I : US Immigrant Entrepreneurship Percentages
Country of Birth
Total All Immigrant Sample
Note : Calculated from
Ibrahim, A.B., & Goodwin, J.R. (1986). Perceived causes of success in small business. American Journal of
Small Business, Fall, 41-50
Kamm, J.B., & Nurick, A.J. (1993). The stage of team venture formation: A decision-making model.
equal access to safe incomes as alternatives to self-employment. Risk attitudes may be culturally
influenced and the willingness to make risky choices will also depend upon institutional circumstances such as bankruptcy legislation and family support netw
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Monitoring the effectiveness and impact of government policies, programmes and initiatives on
SMEs and entrepreneurship development.
Specific analyses of gender effects in entrepreneurship are still at the early stage. It is important
that sex, as a fund
Regional and national efforts to promote womens entrepreneurship must include work to
establish a standard framework for defining entrepreneurship and a common set of indicators to
It would be valuable to have some agreement on
in 1910 in order to make the comparison over time more consistent 1. But the highly entrepreneurial
Middle East was disaggregated subsequently to examine whether particular sources were driving the
result2. We exclude working on own account in the early p
Feldmann, H. 2007. Protestantism, Labor Force Participation, and Employment Across Countries.
American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 66(4): 795-816.
Foreman-Peck, J. 1992. A Political Economy of International Migration, 1815-1914 Manchester School
that the Chairman and the Director of NICENT review the Universitys stated aim to embed
a culture of entrepreneurship and innovation in every student and throughout every course,
particularly in relation to non-OST areas and report back to the Committ
intra-preneurship and may include corporate venturing, when large entities spin-off
Entrepreneur is any person who coordinates other factors of production and bears the risk of
uncertainty by investing his scarce resources in the business v
The second problem is whether expatriate entrepreneurs are a random selection from their culture.
Emigrants may be those with more drive or dissatisfaction than the average of their community. If so,
their entrepreneurship abroad may give an upward biased
varying degrees of innovativeness and risk bearing but these need not be considered for the collective
concept of culture.
To measure the impact of culture on the firm start-up rate we need to know how those brought up in
one country perform in a social a
Women entrepreneurs in some transition countries
Women entrepreneurs are less numerous than men in all transition countries. In countries for which
there are data, men start their own businesses twice as often as women. In 2000 only 9% of employed
promotion on the sales growth of an enterprise, likewise a significant relationship between the
usages of direct distribution channels on the profitability of an enterprise.
Findings of the paper implies that government should formulate policies that will
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a Predictors: (Constant), the strategic use of advertising improves the competitive advantage of
your company, promotional strategy (such as advertising, public relations etc) improves
entrepreneurial development in your company, promotion (such as advert
Table 1 Newly Established Enterprises in 2002
Units: no. of enterprises; NT$ millions; %
All newly established
No. of enterprises
Does your organization offer training on entrepreneurship to the youths?
How frequent does your organization conduct youth entrepreneurship training?
Less than 1 month
Between 2 and 3 months [ ]
Between 3 and 6 months [ ]
Between 6 and
a mean of 3.8 and standard deviation of 1.0. Those who agreed that entrepreneurial
training improved technology had a mean of 3.0 and standard deviation of 0.9.
Figure 1: Respondents extent of approval whether skills in entrepreneurship,
but part of this can be accounted for by age and residence, in turn a consequence of the 1882 Act.
Controlling for these factors the marginal effect of country of origin is positive and significant (one
percent level) and adds 2.5 percentage points to ent
East were generally more entrepreneurial (defined as being both self-employed and employing other
people) over 90 years than other groups. This finding is consistent with the business precocity of Jews
and Greeks in 19th century Britain. But again entrepr
Technology and Entrepreneurship
-Communicates in the languages used in
science and technology
-Citizenship and community life
-Constructs a moral frame of reference
Women and Entrepreneurship
-Exploring women in history
than others. Because each strategy must address some unique considerations, it is not reasonable
to identify 'every' important factor at a generic level. However, many are common to all
The marketing objectives will focus on how a fi
performance, such as platform of understanding, shared vision, climate, resilience, idea
management, network activators, and learning from experience. These factors were applied in the
team for understanding their relationship with innovative performance.
ENT 726 Business Plans
Tips for Market / Company / Industry Analysis - a Selection of Secondary Resources
1. CANADIAN DEMOGRAPHICS / MARKETS
FP Canadian markets Canadian Demographics
Library homepage > Catalogue > Title search > FP markets Canadian demogr
From the findings as shown by figure 4.3 above, the study found that 9.38% of the
respondents had been working in their organization for less than I year, 25% had been
working for between 1 and 3 years, 37.5% had been working for between 3 and 5 years
Recognise the central role of creativity and innovation in entrepreneurship, in the generation of
new ideas and, where appropriate the core challenges of protecting those new ideas which have
Appreciate the s
Do these women associations exist in rural areas?
1. Declaration for the Sixtieth Anniversary of the UNECE, 26 April 2007, Geneva.
2. ILO, Global World Employment Report, Global Employment trend for women, 2007.
3. Issues related to stati
Brief biography of the author: Dr. Kehinde, Oladele Joseph.
Dr. Kehinde, Oladele Joseph holds a B.sc (Hons) in Business Administration from University of
Ilorin, and an M.sc degree in Business Admin. (Marketing) from the University of Lagos. He
Predictors: (Constant), effective use of distribution channels enhances your company's
profitability, efficient use of distribution channel facilitates the company's sales growth, efficient
use of distribution channel increases the market share of your
2. Explain to your counselor why having good skills in the following areas is
important for an entrepreneur: communication, planning, organization, problem
solving, decision making, basic math, adaptability, technical and social skills,
teamwork, and lead
Miscellaneous Useful Information
Must Read Books for Entrepreneurs
1. Strikingitrich.com: Profiles of 23 Incredibly Successful Websites Youve Probably Never Heard
Of, Jaclyn Easton and Jeff Bezos
2. Crossing the Chasm, Geoffrey A. Moore
3. Good to Great:
entrepreneurship because of these attributes, whereas purely for cultural reasons they might be less
entrepreneurial than those who were poorer or more illiterate.
Much depends on what is assumed culturally determined. It could be contended that education