PROCESSES OF SOCIAL CHANGE
Human society has always been experiencing change. You must also be experiencing such
change not only in your own life but also in the family around you. Some of your family members
must have left their native vi
Philosophy Writing Assignment 2
Philosophy has been a science that has been practiced long before the traditional Greek
philosophers were even born. Many different people from across the world questioned what the world
was made of, and why i
In the human life style, the existence of various cultures and patterns of behaviour is quite
common. Culture binds individuals together and keeps them in a group and also sets them apart
GENDER DISCRIMINATION AND
After India attained independence, the Constitution has made several acts, inspite of that
women are being discriminated. They are unable to enjoy equal status. We will learn the factors of
INDIAN CULTURAL HERITAGE
The parts of our culture i.e. food, dress, languages, music and art forms, etc. are transmitted
from one generation to the next over years. All these are woven into an integrated whole and lend
Indian culture its
PROBLEMS OF SCHEDULED
CASTES AND SCHEDULED TRIBES
In our society scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, other backward classes, women and
children constitute deprived sections. The rights and freedom denied to these sections of people are
STATUS OF WOMEN IN INDIAN SOCIETY
For understanding the womens status in our society, it is important to keep in mind the social
institutions such as caste, class, family, etc. From 1950, the In
WOMENS EMPOWERMENT AND
The word Womens Empowerment has become popular during the year 2001. Many people
have discussed what is there to do specially for womens empowerment. By empowering women it
is also possible to tackle a
In this lesson we will understand the meaning of cultural pluralism, cultural relativism and
cultural lag as well as the changes responsible for cultural lag.
After reading this lesson, you will be able to:
MAJOR SOCIAL PROBLEMS OF
Every society continues to change with time. Our country is also facing various problems in
the process of social change. They are illiteracy, population explosion, poverty, corruption, etc.
PROBLEMS OF OTHER
In this lesson we will learn the problems of other deprived sections of our society, viz. the
OBC (Other Backward Classes), women and children.
Learn the problems of Other Backward Classes (O
CASTE SYSTEM IN INDIA
Caste system is an important aspect of Indian social institutions. The primary characteristics
of this institution, differences between Varna and jati, differences between caste and class, changing
aspects of caste sy
COMMUNITIES IN INDIA
India is a land of several religious communities. As hordes of people came to India in search of
fertile lands, better resources and opportunities, and to escape from cruel regimes, they also
UNITY AND DIVERSITY
In this lesson you will learn about the basic characteristics of Indian society. For this, you
should know about the concepts like cultural and national unity, diversity, pluralism and integration
etc. India is a vast c
INDIAN SOCIAL THINKERS
In this lesson, you will learn about the contributions that Indian social thinkers have made to
the understanding of Indian society. You will also learn about their religious and intellectual
contributions to the cul
SOCIETY AND ENVIRONMENT
Environment can be described as the natural world of land, water, air, plants and animals that
exist around us. It forms the basis of our existence and development. The dictionary meaning of the
word environment is
TRIBAL, RURAL AND URBAN
Indian society has been broadly divided into tribal, rural and urban societies on the basis of
their geographical surroundings and socio-cultural characteristics. Tribals live in relative isolation
CONCEPT AND CHALLENGE
India is our nation and our nationality is Indian. Our duty is to contribute to national integration
by not dividing the society based on region, language, religion, creed, etc. The challenges po
PROBLEMS OF WOMEN
Human life is full of problems. Women are facing problems in their day-to-day life. Problem is
a condition, which is a source of trouble, discomfort or inconvenience for a person. It is a situation
which comes in the wa
Ans: (a) A retailer has direct link with the consumers.
(b) The amount of capital is less in case of retail trade.
(c) Wholesaler is a middleman in the chain of distribution.
(d) No change
(e) The retailer purchases good from the wholesaler.
(c) Appeal: In case the aggrieved party is not satisfied with the order of the State Commission he
can appeal to the National Commission within 30 days of passing of the order.
6. State the purpose of creating Consumer Welfare Fund.
Ans: The government ha
2. How did Akbar establish Mughal Supremacy in the Deccan?
If Babur started the Mughal dynatsy in India, it was Akbar who extended and established
Mughal Supremacy in India.
Akbar ascended the throne in 1556, at the age of thirteen after the death of H
Emergence of Regional States in India :
Twelfth to Eighteenth Century
There are twenty eight states and six union territories in India today. Each of these states has a
specific language, geography, food and culture that make the culture o
Establishment and Expansion of the Delhi
The rulers who ruled substantial parts of the North India between 1206 AD to 1526 AD were
sultans, Delhi as their head quarters. These rulers were Turkish musalmans of Afghan region. They
1. The inefficiency of spy system.
2. The general practice of the use of wine.
3. Social intercourse among the nobles and inter marriage between them and
4. The excess of wealth in the possession of certain nobles.
These reforms obtained th
Establishment of the Mughal Rule
After the decline of Delhi sultanate, India witnessed the emergence of various regional powers.
Therefore when Babur invaded India in 1526 the central power of Delhi sultanate had substantially
After her marriage with Jahangir she became powerful in Jahangir regime and organized
'Nurjahan Junta' for acquiring power.
2. "The reign of Shah Jahan sounded the death knell of the empire" explain?
A. Shah Jahan was the most magnificent of Moghal emper
3. Describe Amara - nayaka system of administration?
One of the important characteristics of Vijayanagar administration was the Amarnayaka system.
In this system, the commander of the Vijayanagar army was called the Nayak.
Each Nayak was given an area
means of communication have solved this problem, it is quite costly and cannot be used for
securing all sorts of information. Loading and unloading of goods often takes long time and
also involves large expenses which increase the cost of goods.
appropriate export promotion council. Export promotion councils are different organizations
set up by the Government to promote and develop exports of different categories of products.
5. What is External Trade?
Ans: When buying and selling of goods take