Image machines. Essentials of the psychophysics of perception in the moving image.
Retinal persistence (pre-cinema) and the perspectiva artificialis: cinema as an open
window to the world. Gaze and desire: the scopic pulsion.
How the human perception get
1.1 Reality as a sign system and the photo-cinematic trace as index of the reality.
Photography and the limits of visible. The reality impression. Gaze and representation
(lingistic and freudian approach).
Psychophysics: how our body reacts towards an sti
The montage of attractions is a kind of editing more visible, more perceivable for the
spectator and it was created by Eisenstein. He studied the way in which the filmmakers
could make an impact on the psychology of the spectators with purposes of ideolog
The denied body and the affirmed body have to do with the context of the screening in
cinema. During the early years, both in the cinematic machines and in the first films
(cinematographer, kinetoscope.) we can say that the spectators body was present in
Identifications we can experiment in cinema:
In the PMR the spectator was identified with the device, with what the camera sees. I
see what the camera sees. Camera identified in a psychophysical sense. We
experience voyeurism. A very primary kind of voyeu
The Institutional Mode of Representation and the spectators ubiquity. Construction and
perception of the cinematic message through the continuity: the Kuleshov effect.
The transition to the institutional way of representation is characterized by an evolut
Institutional Mode Of Representation Characteristics:
Each screen is an echelon of the signifying chain.
The picture is centred.
Closeness of the camera, not because of a closer range but for the
existence of several points of view.
What does this have to do with the primary identification? We feel fascinated by whats
on screen the same way the baby gets fascinated by the image in the mirror, because it
moves, and the baby theoretically lacks of this motor ability like us when we are
Images of the Yugoslav Wars and the First Gulf War were very important because they
were like informative bombs and the treatment of the media on these conflicts was very
important to the development of the new ways of perceiving reality at the end of the
The theory of the linguistic sign (Ferdinand de Saussure): the sign is arbitrary and it
is the union of significant (scale) and meaning. The symbol (motivated) appears when
we mix the sign (significant/meaning) with another meaning.