Similar to oil in Iran and Iraq, in what way has the
Suez Canal been a focal point in the shaping of
Middle Eastern Cultures
Option # 3
Women in Islam
Leila Ahmed opens her Discourse of the Veil, by discussing the issues Egypt faced in the early
18th century. According to Ahmed, there were divisions between those
French Revolution (1789)
Y.L. Pinsker Autoemancipation (1882)
Theodor Herzl (1896)
World Zionist Organization (1897)
Aliyah (pl: aliyot) (immigrant waves)
1st Aliyah (1882 1903)
MIDDLE EASTERN CULTURES NOTES
Common Era label used by most historians and prevalently used by Americans
Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem
Oasis and caravan
Will of Peter the Great
- fake, talking about Russia expansion
- talking about creating disorder in other countries, Poland, Sweden
- Black Sea, warm water port
- taking in Greeks, will help build navy
- wants to eventually take down Habsburgs and France
Different positions on Women in Islam
the conservative religious view. Literal-fixed interpretation of the text-Sharia
the non-literal interpretation of text-modernists and Islamic feminists-womens right and liberation within the frame-work of religion
Belief in the esoteric (inner) dimension of Islam as opposed to exoteric
Islamic mysticism: emphasis on spiritual interpretations of Islam, a noninstitutionalized dimension of religion.
What are the meanings?
Islamic Fundamentalism? Political
Islam? Islamic revivalism? Islamic
What is the core of the articles argument
regarding political Islam?
What is Political Islam?
In what ways po
Pre-IslamicEgyptian Civ- PersianGreek-Roman (Byzantine)
Egypt: multi religious
Islamic- 7th C. after the decline of the
Abbasid2 of the major Dynasties in
Fatimid and Mamluk
16th C. Ottoman Empire- o
Before the rise of the Ottomans
-10th c. Abbasid Empire-migration of Turkic groups from central Asia
employed as soldiers for their skills as warrior tribesMamluks
-11th c. decline of the Abbasid. Formation of the SeljukIran-Iraq and
parts of the Byzantin
Said, Edward W. Orientalism. NY: Vintage, 1979.
Definition of terms:
Discourse (used in contemporary theory from Michelle Foucault) a strongly bounded
area of social knowledge, a system of statements, signs and practices, within which the
world can be kno
What is your definition of
Is Nationalism always a positive force?
Borders are paradoxical
Unite and disunite
Refers to modes of social organization that emerged in Euro
Israeli Palestinian Conflict
What are some of the misconceptions?
What is at the core of this conflict?
What are some of the similarities you noticed in
the history of Israel and Palestine with the other
issues and areas we have studied?
In what ways
Surrender, related to salaam, or peace.
Abraham, father of all prophets
Islam is also a code for social conduct
Quran plus the authentic statements of Muhammad (Hadith) = Shareeha (constitution), as Interpreted by
Babylonians and Assyrians 1900-500
500 - Cyrus the Great, of Persia conquers Babylon.
331 BC Alexander took the area from the Persians.
126 BC The Greek rule ended when the Persians
Middle Eastern Cultures
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