When reading the Tao Te Ching [pronounced Dow deh Jing], consider the
1. What is the Tao [pronounced dow as in Dow Jones]?
The Tao is omnipotent=all power, but not omniscient=all knowing
Two types: (a) hidden/state of pre-existence potentiality
Who might be capable of uniting all under Heaven and by what means?
221 BCE: feudal Qin conquered last of feudal states
unite China for 1st time under single ruler
feudal order destroyed
new empire founded on force
Question nature and ho
STUDY GUIDE FOR BUDDHISM
1. All variants of Buddhism assent to the ideas established by the first school of Indian
Buddhist thought, Theravada (or Hinayana) Buddhism, i.e.
a. The 4 Noble Truths identify the causes of human suffering and how to overcome i
Intertwined History of China and Taiwan
Mainland China and Taiwans history is intertwined through both times of peace and conflict. Since the
early 1600s, the province of Taiwan has been in the control of various countries including the Dutch, the Japanes
ASSIGNMENT: Research Essay for CHINA AND TAIWAN Topic
Instructions: In a 10-20 page, typewritten, double-spaced essay (with 1 margins all round a page, and with proper
citations for bibliography and notes), discuss your chosen subject in regard to the fol
Mencius (385-312 BCE)
lived in fourth century BCE - more than a century after Confucius time
Warring States Period
o process of consolidation
larger more powerful feudal states swallowed up smaller weaker ones
speak to rulers about govt
became more brut
The East Asian forms of Buddhism were influenced by Indias second school of Buddhist
thought, Mahayana Buddhism. This accepted all the ideas of Theravadan thought, but
extended Theravadan metaphysics and also gave Indian Buddhism a theistic and
The way of the ruler:
-An enlightened ruler like an enlightened Taoist sage.
-sits back and waits for things to fall into position. People to do what they should, to find
who he can keep and who he cant
- must not reveal desires b/c people will
While Confucius believed in learning from the ancestors and the elders
and following in their footsteps, Lao Tse sweared to being his own
authority and finding his own path. Confucius was preoccupied with old
rituals and rites, while Lao Tse saw them as h
1. Is confucianism a religion? Well not really.
See BK xi/2, vii/21
2. What is the source of human problem?
It comes from ourselves, not deity.
3. What does Confucianists say about human nature?
See BK vii/23, xvii/2
4. What is a Gentleman? A
Living from 551-479 BC, Confucius spent the majority of his life as a Chinese
philosopher and thinker teaching others about the proper way to live a moral and
virtuous life. His students and disciples created a compilation of 20 books called the