The Systems Reply
Searle considers a number of replies to his argument. The most important of these is
the Systems Reply. According to the systems reply, Jack does not himself implement
the Chinese room software. He is only part of the machinery. The syst
The Causal Theory of Mind
If you find behaviorism hard to believe, you have lots of company.
Behaviorists say that even properties like having a toothache can be defined in terms
of how a subject is disposed to behave, in response to specific kinds of sti
Choose one of the following topics:
1. We discussed two broad strategies for defining what life is. One tries to define
life in terms of some characteristic process or activity that all and only living
things engage in. The other strategy tries to define
Searle's Chinese Room
A mental state or mental process is a condition or process that can be had only by
thinking, feeling creatures.
Some examples are:
pains, itches, sensations
perceptual experiences, after-images, your memory of yo
Does Leibniz's Law Imply That It's Impossible for Things To Change?
Suppose in 1980 we spend a pleasant afternoon sitting underneath a little tree-call it
Junior. In 2006 we return to the same location and find a much taller, fuller tree-call
it Senior. P
"A Conversation with Einstein's Brain"
Here are some questions to think about and discuss.
1. What is the point of the discussion of playing records?
2. The Tortoise describes a process by which one can use the book to carry on a
"conversation." Do you th
Duplicating versus Resurrecting
Suppose there were puppets that looked and acted just like humans. In fact they have
no inner life, no thoughts or feelings of their own. But only sophisticated experts
could tell the difference. They didn't act mechanicall
Clones and Perfect Duplicates
Suppose we grew a clone of you. Would the clone be the same person as you? Or
would it be a different person?
Well, let's say we raise the clone in a locked room, with no English newspapers or
radio or internet access or anyt
As we mentioned before, the behaviorist says that all there is to having some mental
state is being disposed to behave certain ways in response to specific kinds of
What does this mean, to be disposed to behave a certain way?
Ascribing Intentional States to Animals and Other Things
We can distinguish between three ways of ascribing intentional states to things:
Some ascriptions of intentional states are wholly metaphorical. For example,
we say "The sun is trying to peek throu
Amnesia and Memory Implants
Can you survive total and irreversible amnesia? There is some temptation to say that
we'd still have the same person, after the amnesia. After all, we'd still have the same
body. But there is also some temptation to say that, b