225. The dramatic increase in Americans' premarital sexual activity over the past
half-century best illustrates that sexual behavior is influenced by
A) the male answer syndrome.
226. Defining one's identity in ter
45. One person in a 10-person group is 10 times older than anyone else in the group. With
respect to age, it is MOST likely that the majority of group members are younger than
D) standard deviation.
46. The _ is a
202. Psychological theories help to
A) organize scientific observations.
B) explain observed facts.
C) generate hypotheses.
D) do all of these things.
203. Which research method runs the greatest risk of collecting evidence that may be
102. The scientific study of behavior without reference to mental processes was of special
A) Edward Titchener.
B) William James.
C) Sigmund Freud.
D) B. F. Skinner.
103. Professor Schroeder argues that children have an innate concept of justi
182. When Leanne read a newspaper report that drinking orange juice triggers hyperactivity
in children, she questioned whether the children's behavior had been assessed using
scientifically appropriate methods. Leanne's reaction best illustrates
A) the pe
142. For which of the following distributions of scores would the median most clearly be a
more appropriate measure of central tendency than the mean?
A) 10, 22, 8, 9, 6
B) 12, 6, 8, 5, 4
C) 12, 15, 12, 9, 12
D) 23, 7, 3, 27, 16
143. When Mr. Adams calcul
45. The heritability of a specific trait will be greatest among
A) genetically similar individuals who have been raised in similar environments.
B) genetically similar individuals who have been raised in dissimilar environments.
C) genetically dissimilar
135. Which research method waned in popularity because its results varied when the
technique was used by different people?
C) behavior genetics
D) spaced practice
136. The early school of psychology that focused on how men
199. Dr. Veenstra conducts basic research on the impact of racial prejudice on behavior. Dr.
Veenstra is most likely a(n) _ psychologist.
200. Scientific studies conducted to solve practical
113. Professor Olstrum's research involves assessing the interactive impact of particular
DNA segments and stressful life experiences on the development of bipolar disorder.
His work best illustrates the specialty area known as
A) heritability studies.
222. A psychologist notes that we are especially attracted to people whose traits are different
from our own. This statement would seem unsurprising to students because
A) most students have often been attracted to people different from themselves.
63. A public initiation into adult responsibilities and status is called a
A) pruning process.
B) critical period.
C) rite of passage.
D) delay of gratification.
64. The speed of neurotransmission in the frontal lobe increases during adolescence due to
123. After suffering a brain injury in a motorcycle accident, Arotza cannot form new
memories. He can, however, remember events before the accident. Arotza's memory
difficulty most clearly illustrates
A) retroactive interference.
B) the misinformation eff
82. Suppose that people who watch a lot of violence on TV are also particularly likely to
behave aggressively. This relationship would NOT necessarily indicate that watching
violence influences aggressive behavior because
A) we most readily notice associa
Name: _ Date: _
1. The inability to form new memories is called
B) anterograde amnesia.
C) the misinformation effect.
D) retroactive interference.
2. Although Maria can encode and consciously recall new information, she is una
89. Stimuli below the absolute threshold are said to be
90. The conscious or unconscious activation of certain associations is called
C) signal detection.
Name: _ Date: _
1. Aristotle suggested that a meal makes us sleepy by causing heat to collect around the
2. Wilhelm Wundt's laboratory work involved experimental studies of
A) animal intelligence.
104. Primary reinforcers could best be described as
A) discriminative stimuli.
B) conditioned stimuli.
C) conditioned reinforcers.
D) innately satisfying stimuli.
105. The taste of food and relief from a headache are both _ reinforcers.
40. By praising their employees' positive behaviors, managers often encourage their
workers to continue laboring productively. This best illustrates the value of
B) 360-degree feedback.
C) a democratic management style.
D) experiencing f
9. The simultaneous processing of information at both conscious and unconscious levels is
A) the cocktail party effect.
B) the popout phenomenon.
C) dual processing.
D) selective attention.
10. June's correct solution of a novel arithmetic problem
105. Compared with ineffective managers, those who excel invest a _ proportion of
their time and effort trying to remedy their employees' deficiencies and a _
proportion of their time and effort trying to enhance their employees' talents.
A) larger; large
14. The receptor cells that convert light energy into neural signals are called
A) bipolar cells.
B) ganglion cells.
C) rods and cones.
D) feature detectors.
15. Bipolar cells are located in the
A) optic nerve.
C) blind spot.
16. The a
92. The neural storage of a long-term memory is called
A) context-dependent memory.
B) memory consolidation.
C) the serial position effect.
93. Memory consolidation is the process in which memories initially registered in the
_ are transferred
11. A segment of DNA that provides the code for creating protein molecules is called a(n)
A) organic methyl molecule.
B) epigenetic mark.
12. Depending on environmental conditions, specific genes can be either
A) monozygotic or diz
38. The sexual overperception bias is strongest among _ who require _
emotional closeness before intercourse.
A) women; lots of
B) women; little
C) men; lots of
D) men; little
39. Heterosexual men feel most romantically attracted to women whose waists are
133. A paraphilia may involve
A) a problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal.
B) a lack of sexual energy and arousability.
C) experiencing sexual arousal from the suffering of others.
D) an inability to establish an emotional relationship with one'
Name: _ Date: _
1. The ancient Greek philosopher Plato located the mind in the
D) thyroid gland.
2. Phrenology highlighted the presumed functions of
A) specific brain regions.
B) synaptic gaps.
50. Which of the following correlation coefficients expresses the weakest degree of
relationship between two variables?
51. Illusory correlation refers to
A) the perception of a relationship between two variables that does
169. Slender women are considered especially beautiful in one country; in another country,
stout women are seen as particularly attractive. In both countries, however, women
perceived as very beautiful receive preferential treatment. This best illustrates