Williams Syndrome (WS):
(more or less) general cognitive retardation except in language
Results from a gene deletion in chromosome 7.
Specific Language Impairment (SLI):
Language problems without any obvious cause.
fifty to seventy percen
In comprehension, the language processor makes continuous predictions
about upcoming material.
The predictions are based both on syntax and semantics.
Complete the following sentence
Yesterday, I saw Maxs _ .
Maxs sets up an expectation for a noun.
The study of how words are combined into sentences.
How to characterize the native speakers knowledge of what
constitutes of well-formed, grammatical, expression in their
Grammaticality Whether the sentence makes sense
Well-formed but non
Language sharply dissociates from spatial cognition in
Sign language perception and production heavily relies on
spatial abilities (much more than spoken language).
Does spatial impairment correlate with linguistic
Irregular past tense inflection
give - gave, teach - taught
The meaning of give is contained in gave since gave
describes giving in the past. But the sound of give is not
contained in gave.
Are give and gave two lexical entries that are similar to
Nut and bolts of language: Retrieval vs. Composition
We know quite a lot about the neural bases of the retrieval operations
but very little about how the brai
Nuts and bolts of language
Language has an inventory of stored elements
(=lexicon) and a generative mechanism that builds
complex structures from the stored elements.
Core question: What elements are stored and what
If the N400 reflects lexical access, then what is
its relationship to the magnetic M350?
Timing: the N400 lasts a lot longer than the M350.
Space: the M350 is generated by a current that would
generate a negativity roughly at the top of the head, where
An important (but difficult to investigate) question
Are the brain mechanisms that process and represent
language dedicated to language or employed in lots of
Relates to the larger question about modularity: Is the
Brocas aphasics and comprehension
In the early 1980s it was discovered that Brocas aphasics dont just
suffer from impaired production, but also exhibit comprehension
problems, especially with more complex syntactic structure.
A large body of research resu