[Final format: see Blackboard]
Science became the main component of Islamic philosophy, namely astronomy and
medicine from the Greeks.
al-jabr (algebra) was invented.
Umar Khayyam - mathematician famous for quadratic equations.
Spherical geometry develope
Ghurids: defeated the Ghaznavids -> went into India and Pakistan
1193 - The Delhi Sultanate (Iltutmish 1210 -1236)
Seljuc of Rum:
ghazis (wanders of the faith)
Ottomans Empire (from Osman from Uthman)
begins 1300 in W.
Ghazali said of the Ismailis: people of instruction, dependent on the words of the Imam.
Allowed for an authoritative Caliph.
Nizam al-Mulk (wazir for Saljuqs) believed to be assassinated by an Ismaili.
1094 Fatimid Caliph dies. Debate between sons (Nizar
Qabus (977-981, 998-1013)
Gurgan / Jurgan - small buffer state between Samanids (East) and Buyids (West).
Internal Buyid conflict forced Qabus to flee to Nishapour
We have a collection of his letters, which are generally written in a highly elaborate