8.1 DNA & Chromosomes
DNA in the bacterial cell
Contained within the chromosome
Usually a single, circular haploid DNA moleculealthough a few species may have a single
genome spread over several chromosomes
Microbiology Final Info !
Bacterial Infections I Airborne and Oral Diseases!
Infections of the Upper Respiratory Tract (10.1-10.2)!
- Divided into two components !
Upper Respiratory Tract !
- Includes the Nose, Sinuses Cavities, Pharynx, Larynx !
Chapter 14: Viruses and Eukaryotic Microorganisms
14.1 Foundations of Virology
Dimitri Ivanowsky studied tobacco mosaic disease and was unable to see any
Found that the clear liquid from the crushed leaves passing through the filter, not th
Chapter 13: Sexually Transmitted and Contact Transmitted Bacterial Infections
13.2 STDs Caused by Bacteria
Chlamydia trachomatis: round/ovoid organism with a cell membrane and outer
membrane but without any peptidoglycan that is responsible for Chlamydia
Chapter 12: Soilborne and Arthropodborne Bacterial Diseases
12.1 Soilborne Bacterial Diseases
Bacteria that exist in the soil must resist environmental extremes, so most often form
endospores, as the first three diseases illustrate.
Bacillus anthracis: th
2`11.2 Bacterial Diseases of the Oral Cavity
Dental pellicle: a thin organic film that coats the surface of the teeth where oral bacteria often
adhere to and colonize, right above the gum line or fre
Chapter 6: Metabolism of Microorganisms
Metabolism: all of the biochemical reactions taking place in an organism
Anabolism: builds larger organic compounds (carbs, proteins) from simpler monomers,
including glucose and amino acids
Form bonds, which requir
Chapter 5: Microbial Growth and Nutrition
5.1 Microbial Reproduction
growth refers to an increase in the numbers of individual microbes, or an increase in the
population size with each cell carrying the identical genetic instructions of the parent cell
Extremophiles: bacteria/archaea that live in extreme environments
4.1 Diversity among the Bacteria and Archaea
There are 18 phyla of bacteria identified from culturing or nucleotide sequencing
Chapter 3: Concepts and Tools for Studying Microorganisms
3.1 The Bacteria/Eukaryote Paradigm
despite their microscopic size, bacterial and archaeal organisms exhibit every complex
feature common to all living organisms, including:
DNA as the hereditary m
Chapter 2: The Chemical Building Blocks of Life
2.1 The Elements of Life
Chemical elements are the most basic forms of matter and they cant be broken down into
other substances by ordinary chemical means.
Only 25 of the 92 elements are essential to the su
Chapter One: Introduction
Microbiology: the study of a diverse group of small life forms including
microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, algae, and protozoa) and viruses.
Most are harmless, or in fact beneficial
Recycle nutrients that form the bodies of all or