How Much Weight Should A Woman Gain during Pregnancy
Women must gain weight during pregnancy- fetal and maternal well-being depend
The benefits of proper weight gain include a lower risk of surgical birth, a greater
chance of having a healthy birth
The Events of Pregnancy
A newly fertilized ovum is called a zygote. It begins as a single cell and rapidly divides
into many cells during the days after fertilization.
Within 2 weeks, if the cluster of cells embed itself in the uterine wall in a process k
Obese women are also urged to strive for healthy weights before pregnancy. Infants born
to obese women are more likely to be large for gestational age, weighing more than 9
o Problems associated with a high birthweight include increases in the li
People normally think of nutrition as personal, affecting them alone.
For the woman who is pregnant, or who soon will be, however, nutrition choices
today profoundly affect the health of her future child and the adult that the child
will one day become.
Vitamin D and Calcium
Vitamin D and the minerals involved in building the skeleton- calcium,
phosphorus, and magnesium- are in great demand during pregnancy.
o Insufficient intakes may have adverse effects on the fetal bone growth and
Of Special Interest: Folate and Vitamin B12
These vitamins, famous for their roles in cell reproduction, are needed in increased
amounts during pregnancy.
New cells are laid down at a tremendous pace as the fetus grows and develops. At the
same time, the
During pregnancy, a womans nutrient needs increase more for certain nutrients than for
The nutrient demands of pregnancy are high so a woman must make careful food choices,
but her body will also do its part by maximizing nutrient absorption and
Drugs of Abuse
Drugs of abuse such as cocaine easily cross the placenta and impair fetal growth
Such drugs are responsible for preterm births, low-birthweight infants, and sudden
If these newborns survive, central nervou
Some Cautions for the Pregnant Woman
Some choices that pregnant women make or substances they encounter can harm
A surgeon generals warning states that parental smoking can kill an otherwise
healthy fetus or newborn.
Drinking during Pregnancy
Alcohol is arguable the most hazardous drug to future generations because it is
legally available, heavily promoted, and widely abused.
Health authorities warn that alcohol can injure health, especially during