547. The differences among adults' abilities to learn and remember are greatest among those
548. In recall and recognition tests of memory for recently learned material, older adults are
486. Who is likely to be the most popular student in the fifth-grade class?
A) Helmut, who is the tallest boy in the class
B) Jeff, who is the statistician for the basketball team
C) Hara, who is below average in height and physical maturity
D) Sally, who
216. Which of the following best describes adolescent self-esteem?
A) It rises through the early teen years and falls during the late teen years.
B) It falls through the early teen years and rises during the late teen years.
C) It rises through the early
112. The connectivity of brain regions that facilitates the integration of visual and emotional
information appears to be deficient among those with
A) stranger anxiety.
B) infantile amnesia.
C) autism spectrum disorder.
D) schemas for familiar faces.
152. Some individuals constantly crave acceptance in romantic relationships but remain
highly vigilant and sensitive to any signs of possible rejection. These people are said to
demonstrate an insecure
A) avoidant attachment style.
B) egocentric attachmen
238. Mrs. Wilson is 78 years old and over the past few years she has become increasingly
susceptible to bouts of pneumonia. This can most clearly be attributed to
A) slower neural processing.
B) a weakening immune system.
C) the brain's plasticity.
258. A neurocognitive disorder caused by neural plaques and marked by a progressive
decline in memory is called
A) terminal decline.
B) brain plasticity.
C) Alzheimer's disease.
259. During the last few years, 75-year-old Mrs. Yamaguchi h
386. According to Piaget, assimilation involves
A) the absorption of nutrients into the body for growth and development.
B) training children to behave in a socially acceptable manner.
C) interpreting new experiences in terms of one's current understandin
567. Compared with non-cohabiting couples, which of the following is true of couples who
live together before engagement and marriage?
A) They are initially more committed to the ideal of an enduring marriage, and they
become increasingly more marriage-su
364. Three-month-old Andrew was obviously startled by the first ring of the telephone, but
with each subsequent ring he seemed to become less reactive. This best illustrates the
A) vocal intonation.
B) reflexive responding.
C) biological matura
299. The process of imprinting occurs during a brief developmental phase known as
A) the preoperational stage.
B) object permanence.
D) a critical period.
300. Although 3-year-old Adam happily explores the attractive toys located in the
340. One of the three major issues in developmental psychology involves a focus on
A) stimulation and habituation.
B) conception and prenatal development.
C) embryonic and fetal development.
D) stability and change.
341. Exceptionally timid and cautious i
52. In comparisons of 20 experienced crawlers and 20 novice walkers, all of whom were 12
months old, the novice walkers fell _ and they traveled _ distances
than the experienced crawlers.
A) more; shorter
B) less; shorter
C) more; longer
D) less; longer
466. Research indicates that most abusive parents report that they themselves were
A) raised in a permissive and overindulgent environment.
B) raised by authoritative parents.
C) prevented from interacting with childhood peers.
D) battered or neglected as
132. In a pleasant but unfamiliar setting, infants with a secure maternal attachment are most
A) act as though their mothers are of little importance to them.
B) use their mothers as a base from which to explore the new surroundings.
C) cling to
Arthur C. Clarke
From The Nine Billion Names of God: The Best Short Stories of Arthur C. Clarke
(1967: rpt. NY: Signet/NAL, 1974: 235-240)
All rights reserved; not to be reprinted without permission of the author
It is three thousand light-years