340. One of the three major issues in developmental psychology involves a focus on
A) stimulation and habituation.
B) conception and prenatal development.
C) embryonic and fetal development.
D) stability and change.
341. Exceptionally timid and cautious i
216. Which of the following best describes adolescent self-esteem?
A) It rises through the early teen years and falls during the late teen years.
B) It falls through the early teen years and rises during the late teen years.
C) It rises through the early
406. Children's emerging ability to tease, empathize, and persuade is a sign that they are
developing a theory of mind and that they are not completely
407. The ability of preschool children to
72. Object permanence is the understanding that
A) developmental stages occur in a predictable sequence.
B) biological growth processes enable orderly development.
C) things continue to exist even when they are not perceived.
D) the mass and volume of obj
8. Theories of human development have been most susceptible to criticism for
A) discrete age-linked stages.
B) the interaction of nature and nurture.
C) maturation during adolescent development.
D) cognitive changes during adulthood develo
394. The term menarche refers to the
A) onset of male sexual potency.
B) first menstrual period.
C) development of secondary sex characteristics.
D) cessation of menstruation.
395. Increased levels of body fat in females has been suggested as partially re
52. In comparisons of 20 experienced crawlers and 20 novice walkers, all of whom were 12
months old, the novice walkers fell _ and they traveled _ distances
than the experienced crawlers.
A) more; shorter
B) less; shorter
C) more; longer
D) less; longer
132. In a pleasant but unfamiliar setting, infants with a secure maternal attachment are most
A) act as though their mothers are of little importance to them.
B) use their mothers as a base from which to explore the new surroundings.
C) cling to
195. Avoiding physical punishment is to _ morality as respecting the laws of society
is to _ morality.
A) conventional; postconventional
B) preconventional; postconventional
C) conventional; preconventional
D) preconventional; conventional
196. Critics ha
174. Adolescence extends from
A) the beginning of concrete operations to the end of formal operations.
B) 12 to 15 years of age.
C) the beginnings of sexual maturity to independent adulthood.
D) the beginning to the end of the growth spurt.
175. The devel
238. Mrs. Wilson is 78 years old and over the past few years she has become increasingly
susceptible to bouts of pneumonia. This can most clearly be attributed to
A) slower neural processing.
B) a weakening immune system.
C) the brain's plasticity.
278. Compared with teens and young adults, older adults have _ friendships and
experience _ attachment anxiety.
A) more; less
B) fewer; more
C) more; more
D) fewer; less
279. Compared with middle-aged adults, older adults experience
A) positive emotions w
320. Deficient social interaction and an impaired understanding of others' emotional states is
most characteristic of
A) autism spectrum disorder.
B) stranger anxiety.
C) infantile amnesia.
D) object permanence.
321. Marissa resents the burden and constra
299. The process of imprinting occurs during a brief developmental phase known as
A) the preoperational stage.
B) object permanence.
D) a critical period.
300. Although 3-year-old Adam happily explores the attractive toys located in the
258. A neurocognitive disorder caused by neural plaques and marked by a progressive
decline in memory is called
A) terminal decline.
B) brain plasticity.
C) Alzheimer's disease.
259. During the last few years, 75-year-old Mrs. Yamaguchi h
364. Three-month-old Andrew was obviously startled by the first ring of the telephone, but
with each subsequent ring he seemed to become less reactive. This best illustrates the
A) vocal intonation.
B) reflexive responding.
C) biological matura
386. According to Piaget, assimilation involves
A) the absorption of nutrients into the body for growth and development.
B) training children to behave in a socially acceptable manner.
C) interpreting new experiences in terms of one's current understandin
152. Some individuals constantly crave acceptance in romantic relationships but remain
highly vigilant and sensitive to any signs of possible rejection. These people are said to
demonstrate an insecure
A) avoidant attachment style.
B) egocentric attachmen
112. The connectivity of brain regions that facilitates the integration of visual and emotional
information appears to be deficient among those with
A) stranger anxiety.
B) infantile amnesia.
C) autism spectrum disorder.
D) schemas for familiar faces.
143. In laboratory experiments, men have been found to be _ willing than women to
blast people with what they believed was intense and prolonged noise. Outside the
laboratory they have been found to be _ willing than women to support war.
A) more; less
227. The acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role is called
C) gender typing.
D) gender identity.
228. The concepts of masculinity and femininity that we use to organize our world are called
163. The body structures that enable reproduction are the
A) primary sex characteristics.
B) secondary sex characteristics.
C) gender schemas.
D) adrenal glands.
164. The first appearance of secondary sex characteristics is most likely to be associated wi
270. Identical twins reared apart have _ similar personalities than identical twins
reared together and _ similar personalities than fraternal twins reared apart.
A) more; more
B) less; less
C) more; less
D) less; more
271. Studies of identical twins who
248. Because he believes that crying is a feminine trait, 14-year-old George has difficulty
admitting that a movie makes him tearful. His experience best illustrates the impact of
A) sex chromosomes.
C) gender schemas.
D) culture shock.
291. The impact of genes on observable traits can vary in different environments. Thus,
genes are said to be
292. Epigenetics is the study of environmental influences on _ that occur witho
184. Mr. Eskenazi frowns when his son cries but hugs his daughter when she cries. Mr.
Eskenazi's contribution to the gender typing of his children would most likely be
A) Freudian psychology.
B) social learning theory.
C) cultural neuroscie
205. Many would consider it ironic that men are more likely than women to feel comfortable
about having casual sex with multiple partners and yet at the same time more likely to
feel jealous and angry if a mate has sex with someone else. How might evoluti
372. On extended visits to foreign countries, you would be most likely to observe
A) more men than women in political leadership positions.
B) women earning the same amount of money as men.
C) men and women equally involved in child care.
D) men and women
331. The remarkable academic and vocational successes of the children of people who fled
from Vietnam and Cambodia best illustrate the importance of
C) family environment.
D) culture shock.
332. Children's English accents a
311. Compared with women, men are more likely to
A) report low levels of marital satisfaction.
B) smile at members of the opposite sex.
C) misperceive simple friendliness as a sexual come-on.
D) attribute their first sexual intercourse to feelings of affe