Fluid & Electrolytes
Distribution of Body Fluids
Total body water
Intracellular fluid (ICF): Inside the cell
Extracellular fluid (ECF): Outside the cell
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
Lymphatic, synovial, intestina
Acid = molecule that can release H+
Base = molecule or ion that can receive or combine with H +
Volatile Acid: H2CO3 CO2 + H2O
o CO2 is eliminated by the lungs
o H2CO3 concentration determined by lungs and their capacity to exhale CO 2
Right Heart Function
Pumps blood through the lungs (pulmonary circulation).
Delivers blood to the lungs for oxygenation.
Is a low pressure system.
Left Heart Function
Pumps oxygenated blood through the systemic circulation.
Components of the Hematologic System
Composition of blood
7% of the plasma total weight
Majority are synthesized in the liver
Except immunoglobulins (made by plasma cells)
Function as carriers; control plasma on
Alterations of Cardiovascular Function
Leading cause of death in the United States and the world - Total percent of deaths from cardiovascular diseases in the United
Genetic, neurohumoral, and inflammatory mechanisms
Underlying tissue and ce