Joints (articulations) between the skull bones of adults
Bones bound together by dense fibrous connective tissue
Four major sutures:
Coronal (attaches frontal to parietal bones)
Squamous (attaches temporal and parietal bones)
1. Which is NOT a major function of the blood?
Protection against disease infection
2. The normal average temperature of blood is around?
3. The normal PH range for blood is?
4. Which of the following is not a component of blood?
Colon= Ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid
Sphincters: cardioesophageal, pyloric, anal
Amylase- starch. Bile + lipase- emulsify fats, pepsin- protein
Catabolismsubstances are broken down to simpler substances; energy is released
Fibrous joints Generally immovable
Cartilaginous joints Immovable or slightly moveable
Synovial joints Freely moveable
o Hyaline/articular cartilage
3 main causes of anemia:
o Blood loss
o Lack of red blood cell production
o High rates of red blood ce
Gonads- primary sex organs. = Testes and Ovaries
1. Produce gametes (sex cells) and secrete hormones
1. Gametes have 23 chromosomes. Sperm and Ova [eggs]
Testes surrounded by a fibrous connective tissue capsule
2. Each lobule contains
Urinary System: regulate blood volume, blood pressure, blood pH
Kidneys: location and structure
1. Back, T12 to L3, some protection from lower ribs. Right kidney is
2. Renal hilum- medial indentation. Ureters, renal blood ve
Chapter 13: The Respiratory System
Respiratory mucosa: lining of nasal cavity resting on thin-walled veins; functions to warm the air as it flows past.
Rhinitis: inflammation of the nasal mucosa; results in congestion & post-nasal drip.
Has to semi-independent parts
o A meandering network of lymphatic vessels
Transport back to the blood fluids that have escaped from the blood vascular system
o Various lymphoid tissues and organs scattered thru out the body
Chapter 11: The Cardiovascular System
Cells take up nutrients and excrete wastes. Cells can make such exchanges only with the tissue fluid in their immediate
vicinity. The systems main function is transportation- blood as the transport vehicle: carries o
Chapter 10: Blood
Blood- transports everything nutrients, hormones, wastes, and body heat, through
o Fluid [connective] tissue.
o pH= 7.35-7.45 [acidosis or alkalosis], 8% body weight, 6 quarts
Plasma- nonliving fluid matrix
o 55% of whole
Three functions: it uses millions of sensory receptors to monitor changes occurring both inside and outside the body.
Changes = stimuli and the gathered information = sensory input. It processes and interprets the sensory input and decides
Chapter 6: The Muscular System
Functions of Muscle
o Producing Movement-due to muscle contraction
o Maintainging Posture an Body Position- they function almost continuously to maintain posture by making tiny
o Stabilizing Joints- muscle tendo
Name & Number
Purely sensory; carries impulses for the sense of smell
1) Which of the following would NOT cause an increase in the heart rate?
a. Release of epinephrine into the blood
b. An increase in body temperature
d. Stimulation of the vagus nerve
e. Sympathetic stimulation
2) Which of the following would N
1) What portion of the ECG indicates ventricular repolarization?
a. QRS complex
b. T wave
c. P wave
d. P-Q interval
e. R spike
2) You are not an athlete and you are not physically fit. If you suddenly partake in
physical exercise, the increased demands of
1) The walls of _ are usually much thicker than the walls of _.
a. veins, arteries
b. capillaries, arteries
c. arteries, veins
d. capillaries, valves
2) Which of the following do/does not ultimately drain into the inferior vena cava
a. Hepatic vein
1) Most simply stated, the major function of the cardiovascular system is _.
2) The heart is located in the inferior _ with its _ pointed toward the left hip.
a. mediastinum, base
b. mediastinum, a
1) What unique feature connects the anterior and posterior blood supplies of the
brain, providing more than one route for blood to reach brain tissue in a given
a. Coronary circulation
b. Hepatic portal circulation
c. Circle of Willis
d. Ductus arte
1) The doctor sticks your finger, takes some blood, and does a WBC count. The count
(12,500 cells/mm3) indicates leukocytosis. What could you conclude?
a. It is a low WBC count, caused by certain drugs and anticancer agents.
b. You received a blood transf
1) Each of the following occurs when blood clots after a cut EXCEPT _.
a. platelets release clotting factor
b. thromboplastin converts prothrombin into thrombin
c. fibrin filaments trap cells to produce a clot
d. thrombin converts fibrin into fibrinogen
1) If a person has type AB blood, then that person can receive blood from which type
a. people with types AB, A, B, or O
b. people with type AB but not O, A, or B
c. people with types A, B, or O
d. only people with types AB or O
2) A protein in th
1) Blood is a complex _ tissue and is the only _ tissue in the body.
a. nervous, saline
b. connective, colloidal
c. muscle, fluid
d. connective, fluid
2) The living cells and cell fragments in blood are called the _ elements and include
1. Which gland controls basal metabolic rate (BMR)?
2. Elderly people are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes due to the decline in _
a. Thyroid hormone
1. Receptors for steroid hormones are found _.
a. on nutrient molecules, such as glucose
b. in the cell membranes of target tissues
c. in the cytoplasm of the cells of target tissues
d. in the interstitial fluid
2. Name the gland that is located at the ba
1. Which of the following statements regarding pituitary hormones is FALSE?
a. The hypothalamus makes oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone, which are
transported to the posterior pituitary for storage.
b. Antidiuretic hormone (ADH), released by the posterior
1. The field of _ studies the organs and chemicals that regulate life processes such as
growth, reproduction, and metabolism.
2. An individual hormone affects only certain tissue cells called its
1) The maculae of the vestibule record _ whereas the crista of the
semicircular ducts record _.
a. flexion; extension
b. high balance; low balance
c. static equilibrium; dynamic equilibrium
d. light equilibrium; heavy equilibrium
e. dynamic equilibrium; s
1) The photoreceptors in the eye are found in the _.
c. Choroid coat
2) The sensory hair cells of the organ of Corti are located on the _.
b. Tympanic membrane
c. Tectorial membrane
d. Vestibular membrane
1. Focusing the light rays involves which of the following?
a. Change in the density of the aqueous humor
b. Change in the relative position of the lens
c. Change in the location of the optic disc
d. Change in the shape of the lens
e. Change in the shape
1. Smell, taste, sight, and hearing are collectively called _ senses.
2. The eyelid is considered a(n) _ structure of the eye.
3. The _ glands release t