One of the volunteer experiences that I will never forget is going to Lakeside Nursing
Home and visiting with numerous patients that reside there. My family and I thought it would be
a nice gesture to provide them with reading material, so we asked our Ch
Prologue: The story of psychology
Objective 1- Define Psychology
Psychology the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. The key word in this
Objective 2 Trace physiologys prescientific roots, from early understandings of mi
Objective 1: hindsight bias; explain how it can make research findings seem like common sense.
Hindsight bias I knew it all along.
Learning the outcome of a study can make it seem like obvious, common sense.
Objective 2: how overconfidence ruins our eve
Chpt 6 Perception
1. Selective attention the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus, as in
the cocktail party effect.
2. Inattentional blindness failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed
3. Visual capt
Objective 2: can we sense stimuli below our absolute thresholds and be influenced by them?
The priming effect and other experiments reveal that we can process some information
form stimuli below our absolute threshold for conscious awareness. People can
Thinking & Language
Objective 1: define cognition
Cognition is a term covering all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,
remembering, and communicating.
Objective 2: the roles of categories, hierarchies, definitions, and protot
Objective 1: Define memory and explain how flashbulb memories differ from other memories.
Memory the persistence of learning over time, through the storage and retrieval of
Flash bulb memories are attached to emotionally signifi
1. Intelligence mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve
problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations.
2. Factor analysis a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items (called
FACTORS) on a tes
1. Learning a relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior due to experience.
2. Associative learning learning that certain events occur together. The events may be
two stimuli (as in classical conditioning) or a response and its consequences (as
Developmental psychology a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social
change throughout the life span.
Zygote the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell division and develops into an
Embryo the developing hu
Biological rhythms periodic physiological fluctuations.
Circadian rhythm the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a 24 hour cycle.
REM sleep rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams
commonly occur. Also
Psych Chapter 3
1. Environment every monogenetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the people and
things around us
2. Behavior genetics the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and
environment mental influences on behavior.
Petty Offenses minor crime
Misdemeanors more serious crime
Felonies serious crime
Initial appearance arrested person needs to be brought to the judge ASAP
Plea bargaining 90% of all criminal cases defendant pleads guilty to a les
Two major sources of government revenue are taxes and borrowing. Taxable income is the total income of an
individual minus certain deductions and personal exemptions. Corporations must also pay income taxes but nonprofit
organizations dont. The individ
Taxes the money that people and businesses pay to support the activities of the government.
Taxable income the total income of an individual minus certain deductions and personal
Dependent one who depends primarily on ano
Concurrent jurisdiction authority shared both the fed and state
Original jurisdiction the authority of a trail court to be first to hear a case
Appellate jurisdiction authority held by a court to hear a case the is appealed from lower court
Without an executive, the government would have no one to carry out the acts of
congress and it would difficult for the government to respond quickly to problems and to
President is responsible for the nations security
1. Expressed powers powers directly stated in the Constitution.
2. Necessary and proper clause Article 1, Section 8, of the Constitution, which gives
Congress the power to make all laws that are necessary and proper for carrying out i
Drug Tests for Welfare Recipients Gain
By AP / BEN NEARY AND IVAN MORENO Friday, Feb. 24, 2012
(CHEYENNE, Wyo.) Conservatives who say welfare recipients should have to pass a drug test in order to receive
government assistance have momentum on th
1. Bicameral legislature US Congress is made up of 2 houses
2. Session Each term of Congress is divided into 2 meetings.
3. Census Population count every 10 years.
4. Reapportionment Process which population of each state determines the new num
Interest Groups spend time and money trying to influence officeholders to support laws that the
groups feel will be helpful. Interest groups are usually organized around only a few issues or
specific problems. People join interest gro
Human rights fundamental freedoms
Incorporation process that extended the Bill of Rights to all levels of government.
Establishment clause the 1st amendment guarantee that congress shall make no law
respecting an establish
Individual income tax 80% of taxes
IRS collects these taxes through its regional centers
Corporate income tax federal government taxes all earned income of a corporation
beyond its expenses and deductions. nonprofit organizations
1. Political party a group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to
nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government, and determine public
2. Theocracy a government dominated by religion.
1. Law set rules and standards by which a society governs itself.
2. Constitutional law law that involves the interpretation and application of the US
Constitution and state constitutions.
3. Statute a law written by a legislative branch.
1. Alien a person who lives in a country where he/she is not a citizen
2. Resident alien a person from a foreign nation who has established permanent residence
in the US.
3. Non-resident alien a person from a foreign country who expe
Section 1 Summary:
Resolutions dont have the force of law and doesnt need to be signed by the President.
Joint Resolutions are when both houses pass it with President sig; has the force of law.
Lawmaking process is long and complicated.
Section 3 The Senate
Name of subheadings: (in blue)
The Senate at Work
Key points for each subheading: (in red)
In the Senate, the rules are more flexible than the House.
Rules are made so Senators have maximum fre