-Where am I? How can I discover it? What should
-They have never discovered the fact that the trouble comes from the three
unanswered questionsand that there is only one science that can answer them:
-Philosophy studies the funda
Philosophy and Science
-If Democritus (a
philosopher) hadnt thought that atoms existed, Dalton (a scientist) may
not have looked for them
-If Aristotle (a philosopher) hadnt thought
that the world might be ordered or that natural laws might exist in
-Many regard the Scotsman David
Hume (171176) as the greatest of all philosophers who have written in
masterpiece, published in 1739/40, is called A Treatise of Human Nature;
in three books it deals with human beliefs, emotions
thinking got its start in Asia minor
with the Greek philosophers.
of Miletus (625-545 B.C.) was the
first Greek philosopher.
of Miletus, there was Anaximander
(611-547 B.C.) and Anaxemenes
What is Science
-Science is a systematic way to study the world in which we live.
-scientists use systematic, or particular methods, such as observation
and experimentation, to gain a better understanding of the world
-Scientists collect inform
What is Philosophy
-When we talk about philosophy, we are really referring to the
thoughts and ideas that began in Asia Minor around 600 B.C.
- The word philosophy comes from the Greek words philein, which means to
love and soph, which means wisdom.
Philosophy of Science
- a general philosophy of science seeks to describe and
understand how science works within a wide range of sciences.
-Deductive logic is about the validity of arguments. An argument is valid when its
conclusion follows deductively f
Anaximenes, and Empedocles
- Thales thought everything was made of water.
He believed that water was the primary substance of all things.
- Today we know
that water is made of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.
-Plato, who was born in or around 427 bc and died in 347, was not the
first important philosopher of ancient Greek civilization, but he is the
first from whom a substantial body of complete works has come down
-The Buddha pre-dated Plato, tho
Value of Philosophy
- It is the more necessary to
consider this question, in view of the fact that many men, under the influence
of science or of practical affairs, are inclined to doubt whether philosophy is
anything better than innocent but useless trif