Assignment #2 Brain worksheets
1. Thalamus: first to receive sensory input. Is also involved with memory.
2. Hypothalamus: influences motivation and homeostasis.
3. Amygdala: responsible for emotion (especially fear and aggr
Important Points from the Chapter 8 Day 2 Notes
Trends in sizes of atoms and ions
Within a column on the periodic table, atoms become larger going down the column.
Within a row on the periodic table, atoms become smaller going across a row from left to ri
NAME: Abby Schmidt
Sleep and Dream Diary
Part 1: Daytime Habits
Complete before going to bed at night.
1. Number of naps
2. Total sleep time of
naps taken today.
3. Overall rating
Running head: THE COUNTRY OF THE BLIND PYSCHOLOGY ANALYSIS
The Country of The Blind Psychology Analysis
University Alaska Fairbanks
The purpose of this paper is to explain and elaborate on the short story, The Country of The
Contemporary Psychological Perspectives
-rather than discussing schools of thought, it is often
more useful to refer to psychological perspectivesgeneral points of view used for
explaining peoples behavior and thinking, whether normal or abnormal.
Goals of Psychology
-Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behavior.
-One of the first goals of psychology is simply to describe behavior.
-Through describing the behavior of humans and other animals, we are better able to understand it and
-psychologists evaluate theories in
terms of their usefulness
- useful theories help psychologists achieve the
prediction goal by generating testable hypotheses.
-Useful theories also lead to the development of solutions to real-world problems.
Into to Psychology
-The simplest definition of psychology is that it is the study of the mind and behavior.
-Research in psychology seeks to understand and explain thought, emotion and behavior
-Applications of psychology include mental health treatment,
History of Psychology
-If you were to trace the development of psychology from the beginning, you would
need to start before the earliest pages of recorded history, beyond even the early Greek
philosophers, such as Aristotle and Plato.
- Psychology became
-Psychology delves into virtually every aspect of how people think and behave.
-Applied psychologists who work on applying psychological knowledge to solving real-life problems
-Mental health psychologists who utilize their knowledge to d
Specialties in Psychology
-some psychologists focus on research, while others apply the principles of psychology
to practical problems.
- Regardless of specialty area, all psychologists have advanced
degrees, typically a Ph.D., in the field.
Schools of Thought
Termed behaviorism by Watson, this school of psychology
confines itself to the study of behavior because behavior is observable and measurable
and, therefore, objective and scientific.
Behaviorism also emphasizes that behav
Limitations of the Experimental Method
-One of the advantages of the experimental method is that
it enables researchers to exercise strict control over the setting.
- the more
control they exercise, the more unnatural and contrived the research setting be
American Psychological Association
-The American Psychological Association (APA) is the largest professional and scientific organization
of psychologists in the United States.
-The APA is based in Washington, DC and has more than 130,000 members. Membersh
Descriptive Research methods
-Descriptive research methods yield descriptions of behavior and include naturalistic
and laboratory observation, the case study, and the survey.
- In the early
stages of research, descriptive research methods are usually the
The Experimental Method
- the term experiment refers
only to one kind of study, the kind in which researchers seek to determine the causes
-The experimental method , or the experiment, is the only research method that
can be used to identify
-The study of psychology spans many different topics at many different levels of explanation,
which are the perspectives that are used to understand behavior.
- Lower levels of explanation are
more closely tied to biological influences, such
Protecting Human Participants and Animals Rights
-In 2002, the American Psychological Association (APA) adopted its most recent set of
ethical standards governing research with human participants so as to safeguard their
rights while supporting the goals
Difficulties in studying psychology
-human behavior is caused by factors that
are outside our conscious awareness, making it impossible for us, as individuals, to really
- The role of unconscious processes was emphasized in the theorizing
History of Psychology
-Psychology is rooted in two different approaches to human behavior.
The first is philosophy, a means of exploring and understanding the
general nature of many aspects of the world.
The second approach is physiology, the scientific s
-Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior. The word psychology comes from the
Greek words psyche , meaning life, and logos, meaning explanation.
-Most psychologists work in research laboratories, hospitals, and other
-When neither the participants nor the researchers know
which participants are getting the treatment and which are in the control group, the
experiment is using the double-blind technique.
- Quasi-experiments do not provide evidence
The Correlational Method
-Perhaps the most powerful descriptive method available to psychologists is the
correlational method, a method used to establish the degree of relationship
(correlation) between two characteristics, events, or behaviors.
- A group
-Researchers in psychology rarely conduct studies using all members of a group.
-For example, researchers interested in studying the sexual behavior of American
women do not survey every woman in the United States.
- A sample is a part of a