GEL 100 Introduction to Geology (Chapter One) Vocabulary Study Guide
the name for all the sciences that collectively seek to understand earth; it includes geology,
oceanography, meteorology, and astronomy.
the science that examines E
GEL 100 Bedding and Sedimentary Rocks (Chapter Seven) Vocabulary
A nearly flat surface separating two beds of sedimentary rock. Each bedding plane marks the end
of one deposit and the beginning of another having different charact
GEL 100 Elements and Characteristics (Chapter Two) Vocabulary Study
a negatively charged ion
smallest possible particle of an element that retains the properties of that element
atomic mass number
the total number or neurons and protons i
GEL 100 Soil (Chapter Nine) Vocabulary Study Guide
Movement in which bedrock, rock debris, or soil moves downslope in bulk (because of the pull
A general term for the slow to very rapid descent of rock or soil
GEL 100 Rock Cycle (Chapter Three) Vocabulary Study Guide
fine-grained igneous rock of intermediate composition; up to half of the rock is plagioclase
feldspar with the rest being ferromagnesian minerals
a fine-grained, mafic, igneous rock
GEL 100 Faults and Deformation (Chapter Ten) Vocabulary Study Guide
A large wedge shaped mass of sediment that accumulates in subduction zones. Here, sediment is
scraped from the sub ducting oceanic plate and accreted to the overriding
GEL 100 Earthquakes (Chapter Eight) Vocabulary Study Guide
a vibration of earth produced by a quick release of energy
fractures in earth where movement has occurred
Elastic Rebound Hypothesis
explanation for the release of energy in def
GEL 100 Bond Types (Chapter Five) Vocabulary Study Guide
an element that loses electrons easily to form positive ions
an element that gains electrons easily to form negative ions
force of electrical attraction between oppositely
GEL 100 Volcanos (Chapter Four) Vocabulary Study Guide
a vent at which melt from inside the Earth spews onto the planet's surface
sheets or mounds of lava that flow onto the ground surface or sea floor in molten form and then
GEL 100 Weathering (Chapter Six) Vocabulary Study Guide
Breaking a rock into smaller pieces without changing its composition.
Changing the composition of a rock through exposure to air, water or other substances.
GEL 100 Our Earth
Department of the Earth Sciences
SUNY College at Brockport
Dr. Judy Massare
SEMESTER: Fall, 2013
CLASS TIME: MWF 10:10-11:00 AM
OFFICE HOURS: M 1:30-2:30 PM
W 11:00 AM -12:00 P
1. Which of the following can cause metamorphism?
A. differential stress
B. increases in pressure
C. increases in temperature
D. all of the above
2. What is neocrystallization?
A. solution and reprecipitation of mineral grains
GEL 201 INTRO TO PHYSICAL GEOLOGY
HOMEWORK #5 RELATIVE GEOLOGIC TIME
List the sequence of events, from oldest (first to occur) to youngest (last to occur) depicted on the diagram below. Note
that there is a baked contact around A.
sequence of eve
1. Which of the following is NOT TRUE of the earths magnetic field?
A. It has the shape of a dipole (such as produced by a bar magnet).
B. The solar wind distorts it into a teardrop shape.
C. It shields the earth from the radiation of the solar wind.
1.Paleoclimate evidence of continental drift includes certain kinds of rocks that are
currently at latitudes where they could not have originally formed. What kind of rock
provides this evidence?
B. desert sandstone and salt deposits
1. Tectonic plates move at rates that are approximately
A. 1 to 10 centimeters every 1000 years
B. 1 to 10 centimeters every 100 year
C. 1 to 10 centimeters meters per year
D. 1 to 10 meters per year
2. At a convergent plate boundary, two lithos
1. Which of the following is NOT a mineral in the strict definition of the term?
A. table salt
D. granulated sugar
2. What are polymorphs?
A. Minerals with the same crystal structure but different compositions.
1. The addition of water or carbon dioxide (volatiles) to hot mantle rock will produce
A. it raises the melting temperature and increases heat flow.
B. it lower the melting temperature.
C. it cause convection currents in the mantle.
D. it di
1. In which of the following climates is chemical weathering the most intense?
A. hot and dry
B. hot and humid
C. cool and humid
D. cool and dry
2. Which of the following minerals is most resistant to chemical weathering (most stable a
GEL 100 OUR EARTH
NATURAL HAZARDS JOURNAL GUIDELINES
During the semester, you will keep a journal listing all of the natural hazards and disasters that
occur anywhere in the world, from August 26 until December 7, including all breaks and
weekends. This w