1. Turn on the pump and open the water valve.
2. Adjust the valve on the tank to maintain a constant water level in the tank therefore, the
data we will get will be more accurate. Each time the valves are changed, check the water
level in the bu
. Mechanism of the Oxidation Step chs fthe OXidti-oh Ste .
Step 1: Deprotonation - . . . _ . .
W7 - Step
7. ' i -' I
L (ma- a _ \" . "i i a m
' ' . ._. . H - ' in; u -f Hui r
NH H * Ll-I :- sin-h. . nish" _ ' i' "' . "' i .H
I I I t " "* 1* l i i
Vector Nature Of [ll ar . uties
I Angular displacement,
velocity and acceleration are
all vector quantities
- Direction can be more
:- Grasp the axis of rotation with
your right hand
I Wrap your ngers in the
direction of rotation
3 Your thumb points in th
Addition Reatons f kenes .
' The most characteristic reaction of alkenes is addition to I l l
the dou hie bond
The double bond is polarisable
_ The double bond is the weakest content
Reagent A-B comes in many flavors. Could be
Hydrogenation of Alken
Sommosensory informauon from the skin and deep - There we mm mm of the body at 3" bvels- "5 "1
tissue travels to the brain in 2 anatomical systems, mum system (smth organiztml-
Different modalities are carried by the 2 systems. A: the
'- Eooxides are three membered ring with one oxygen
cfw_H cfw_3 Men atom. They occur in nature.
H. <w_ *- Due to ring strain, epoxldes are reactive and useful
Intermediates in synthesis 3 -h 3
M m 0" m a), and due to Hits-H; Htta F -
electiity of ddition of H 0 ks I I H I Markovnikov's ule for Addition of HX .
martian a! Hit it highly mm '
3K9 ' Markovnov' 5 rule: wiwn an unsymmetrically substituted _
WM H I ' alkene reacts with a hydromn halide, the hydrogen adds
94/ to the carbon
Le Chatelier' s Principle I Spontaneity and the Change in Free Energy
* A system at equilibrium adjusts to minimize any stress - At constant temperature and pressure a reaction proceeds f
applwd 30 It [forms a new eqUi'ibliumi- in a direction which is spo
Role of main RH' _
- Radiml reacms have three types of stem: radical I i Th: chi; suld sin obuwod
. Manon. dam mmon and temination. nyloulmlvlty of wanton.
L ' In nch ructlon the most mblo Int-mediate is form;
_ " _ ' " gamma.- Mdmm*
:52! (h -+ m i- :E