of A.cadelTIic Writing
Academic writing, as the name implies, is the kind of writing that you are required
to do in college or university. It differs from other kinds of writing, such as personal,
literary, journalistic, or business writing. I
Supporting Details: Facts,
Ouotations, and Statistics
Academic writing normally requires that you support your ideas and opinions with
facts, statistics, quotations, and similar kinds of information. You get these kinds of
supporting details from outside
A paragraph is a group ofrelated sentences that discuss one (and usually only one)
main idea. A paragraph can be as short as one sentence or as long as ten sentences.
The number of sentences is unimportant; however,
T\lpes of Sentences
Page from the Gutenberg Bible, 15th century
Clauses are the building blocks of sentences. A clause is a group of words that contains (at least) a subject and a verb.
to protect the environment
Persian miniature, 1536 A.D.
A noun clause is a dependent clause that functions as a noun. A noun clause is often
pali of an independent clause, where it can be a subject or an object.
What the newspaper reported was incorrec
Using Parallel Structures
and Fixing Sentence
Bread seal of Gaza, Israel
In this chapter, you will learn to use parallel structure to add symmetry and style to
your sentences. You will also learn to recognize and repair common sentence
Woodcut from Canterbury Tales, 1490 edition
An adverb clause is a dependent clause that functions as an adverb. It can tell when,
where, why, how, how long, how far, how often, and for what purpose something happened. An adverb clause can
Unitl' and Coherence
Ancient Greek disk with hieroglyphs
An important element of a good paragraph is unity. Unity means that a paragraph
discusses one and only one main idea from beginning to end. For example, if your
paragraph is about the advantag
An adjective clause is a dependent clause that functions as an adjective. That is, it
modifies (gives more information about) a noun or pronoun.
The first thanksgiving feast in the United States, which
A participle is an adjective fanned from a verb. There are two kinds of participles:
-ing participles (called present participles) and -ed participles (called past participles).
a sleeping baby
a frightening experience
a used car