-In support of the GENERAL claim that VE cannot tell is what we should do, what is
often cited is the conict problem. The requirements of different virtues, can point us in
- VE lets us down just at the right point whe
Aristotle Virtue Ethics
o Has been the principle focus of new interest in VE, but it is possible to
pursue VE in a more Agent-based fashion than what we nd in Aristotle.
1. Agent-based v. Agent- focused VE
Agent- based: treats the moral or ethic
2 Objections to Agent Basing
o 1) Obliterate the common distinction between doing the right thing and
doing the right thing for the right reason
If he prosecutes from malice: he will be unable to do his
duty entirely or even partially f
4. Morality as Universal Benevolence (warm)
Martineaus hierarchy of motives
1.Reverence for the Deity
3.Ambition-love of power
5.Love of gain
6.Love of sensual pleasure
*does not contain Universal
4 Morality as Inner Strength
Climate of ethics and two ways in which one may naturally develop the idea
o Inner stregth
o Humane concern for other people can be derived from notions like
health and strength, agent ba
Another concern with the with being rather than doing and needs to be
supplemented with rules.
Not only does reach virtue generates a prescription: Act honestly, charitable,
and just. But each vice a prohibitions- do not act honestly, unch
Hursthouse Normative VE
Point of essay: Defending the belief- VE does not, because it cannot, tell us what we
should do. Hence it cannot be a normative rival to deontology and utilitarianism.
Assumption that VE is agent-centered rather than act- centere
Does it matter if someone was killed or let die?
Many think it does: they think that killing is worse than letting die. Others think it
doesnt, and they think this shown nu what we see when we construct a pair of cases
which are alike, ex
DILEMMAS AND NORMATIVE THEORY
Question: How does VE direct us to think about such cases?
Answer: we should consider a much more general one, How should any normative
ethics direct us to think about such cases? ! Normative Theory
Detect a new movement
-key question: does the specication somehow fail to provide guidance in a way that
the other two do not?
-the problem: suppose it is granted that deontology has just as much
difculty in identifying the correct moral rules as VE has in
Claim and Entitlement
Suppose the 5 on the track are track workers and know the dangers of their job.
And the other track is hosting the major and guest for lunch guaranteed safety.
Edward/ frank is the major
Promised to the 1 + guest. So they have mor