Polis a city-state in ancient Greece
At the time, religious cults were very important. There was a
strong concern for corruption for fear of retribution from the
Civic cults consulted Oracles periodically.
oOracles had the capability of star
The Existence of God
The Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God (Third Article, ways
Cosmos means Universe.
Showing how structure of Universe proves Gods existence
Did the Universe have a beginning? Yes. Was it caused or uncaused? Caused.
St. Anselm of Canterbury
Initially denied entry into the monastic life
Studied under Lafranc
Made archbishop of Canterbury in 1093 CE
Exiled twice by William Rufus and Henry I
Made a Doctor of the Church in 1720 CE
Does God Exist? The Famous
How much of Socrates is in the Socratic Dialogues since Plato
oWill the real Socrates please stand up? Professor
The Theory of Forms
oEverything is in flux and constantly changing
What can we know?
Universal laws of eternal obj
Lived a very isolated life
Logos word, concept, the meaning of a word
Added the Paradox to the tools of philosophy
oAlmost all Socratic dialogues start/end with a puzzle
Original - Parmenides
Not a secret group or cult
Cause or Explanation
Term for cause (ancient Greek): aitia, cause or explanation; For Aristotle, cause was
wider in scope.
For Aristotle, there are 4 causes; of these causes, our modern view of causality is only one.
Part of substances; never missing from
Write an essay of two pages (usual specications) in which you answer one of
the following questions. Normally we cite The City of God as follows : CG XIX.
Xxvii. Anselm: Pros. II. Remember the adage: no quotation without explication.
Aristotles The Physics
For Plato, we are images of the forms: whats primary is the thing itself.
For Aristotle, individual sensual substances are primary; each of us; substances are always
the subjects; youre not set of tallness; tall is set of you. Attri
Aristotles Table of Virtues and Vices
The Nicomachean Ethics
With Regard To
fear and confidence
-pleasures and pain
-giving and taking
Joined the Dominicans at age 19.
Held captive by family for two years
Taught at University of Paris 1252-56, argued against Averroism (along
with St. Bonaventure).
Refused to work after a mystical experie
o Socratic method proves to be a failure
Glaucon: Come on, then, listen to what I have to
say as well, and see whether you still have that
problem. You see, I think Thrasymachus gave
up before he had to, as if he were a snake you