The Holocaust: Word often used for the Nazis attempt to kill all Jews. Many
people see this word as problematic (including our instructor.)
olah: Hebrew word translated in English to mean a whole burnt offering. This is
truly an offeri
The reaction of the traditional Jews to the Hadistic Jews
The opponents, Mitnagdim hated innovations in the traditional literacy.
These two groups decided to fight against each other.
Mutual decrees of excommunication
Mutual denunciation to the
Isaac Abravanel, great Jewish scholar
o Regarded the Jewish migration to the land of the Ottomans as a
step towards salvation
Delegation from Provence 1550
o Religious persecution against the Jews was at a minimum
o Jews were regarded as Demmi,
ANTI-SEMITISM AND THE PROTESTANT
The protestant reformation of the 16th century brought a surge of hope to
the Jews of Christian Europe.
The founder of the reformation was Martin Luther. He was an Augustinian
monk, a hi
Myths That Support Anti-Semitism
1. Why the Jews?
2. Why has Jew hatred persisted for so many millennia?
3. Does everyone hate the Jews?
4. Did all medieval church clergy hate the Jews?
o Medieval 5th15th century
o Middle Ages
3 really good peop
The reason for expulsion of Jews
Christianity, Islam and Judaism forbid the lending of money with interest.
The church ruled that Christians could borrow money at interest from a
The Rabbis ruled that Jews
1. Forced Baptism
a. In 418, the first known instance of forced baptism occurred in
Minorea. Late in the 6th century, the Pope ruled that baptism should
not be imposed by force, and that Christian baptism was not valid
unless it was accepted wil
(Review from last lecture)
The cross becomes a sign of military might.
The mindset of Rome is altered; Christianity used to be illegal but now it is
the only legal religion in Rome.
The 200-year period succeeds in missionary activity.
LECTURE 4: EARLY CHRISTIAN ANTIJUDAISM I (continued)
The Flaw = Jewish View of Jesus
Not every early Christian accepted the divinity of Jesus, but it soon
Paul taught only faith in Jesus was necessary.
Christians who were observant to Jud
The earliest dispute with Jews is recorded in the 15th chapter of the Old
Testament, the Acts of the Apostles.
o Jesus would be required to follow Jewish practices before
becoming a Christian (A Pagan had to become a Jew first in order
ANTI-SEMITISM IN THE ANCIENT PAGAN WORLD
1. The Exodus
a. 13th BCE
2. 3 Hebrew boys, Nebuchadnezzar, and the golden idol.
a. Book of Daniel
3. Purim- 5th century BCE
a. Book of Esther
b. Purim is a Persian word that means lots
c. When all Jews w
NAZISM, RACISM, AND ANTI-SEMITISM
Adam & Eve
No one may say, My blood is purer than yours.
Rabbis viewed the story as a great sociological truth
Because all humans descended from the same original parents, no
one can see themselves greater than