*How do muslims read the Quran?
we should understand as scholars how the community interprets the text and how they perceive
passages can have a universal and specic signicance, not exactly universal, limited to time
the three goddesses: *al-
Overview of Islam
Islam is the second-largest religion in the world, with over 1 billion
followers. It is a monotheistic faith founded by a man named Muhammad
in 7th-century Saudi Arabia.
According to Muslim belief, the angel Gabriel appeared to Muhammad,
Islam (to submit)
a.570 - d 632
*began preaching in 610
-Northern Arabia (Ferax) - seemed to produce a large number of false prophets, religions
began to rise up one after the other, had no dominate religion, every few
History of Islam
1. Historical Context of Islam
The Arabian Peninsula was originally the home of nomadic peoples who coped
with the desert climate by migrating every season ("Arab" roughly translates as
"desert dweller"). When some began to establish sett
Persecution continued to increase until Muhammad received some welcome
news: he had gained followers in the city of Yathrib, 280 miles north of Mecca.
The city was in need of a strong leader, and a delegation from Yathrib proposed
that Muhammad tak
Fiqh: Means UNDERSTANDING
it is the collective scholarly effort to understand and apply Gods Law.
Fuqaha: are scholars who engage in Fiqh basically a group of them.
Usul Al-Fiqh: Sources of the Jurisprudence/Law
zakat [za- kaht]:
In Islam, the payment of a due to support the community. It is an act of purification through
Fast during daylight hours of Ramadan.
The pilgrimage to Mecca, expected of all Muslims who are able.
Sunnah: Is the Example of Muhammad recorded in the Hadith which establishes a Standardized
Examples of the Prophet for muslims who want to follow the prophets example as narrated
within the hadith.
Sunni: A member of the majority. The sunni school member
collections of recitiations received by Muhammad by God compiled in the form of a Book
contains 114 chapters
Surah: means Chapter
The Quran has 114 Surahs
Ayah: Means Verse
Kiswa: How much of the Quran is Actually written down.
Early Life of the Prophet
Muhammad (whose name means "highly praised") was born in Mecca in 570 AD.
His father died shortly before his birth, and he lost his mother at the age of six.
The young orphan was then raised primarily by his uncle, for whom he wo