January 24, 2008
Don't forget to use the website to practice for tests!
Eugenics Review o Anti-miscegenation illegalizing interracial reproduction o 1970s sterilization o More than 20,000 sterilized in California between 1960 and 1972 o La
Theories of Serial Murder
oPeople become serial killers because they were hit on the head
when they were younger.
oMost serial killers have not been biologically tested so there is
not much to work with.
o1. Uneven distribution of goods and means by which they are
o2. Uneven distribution of money
o3. Inequality of wealth
Goals not all the same means not all equal:
oA. success power, wealth, prestige
Social Disorganization Theory
Look at 2 cities and they have opposite crime rates. Why is that?
Chicago School of Thought
Shaw and McKay
Trying to get away from the biological perspective. Everyone wanted
to blame the black population for the crime rates.
Race and Crime
Blacks = 12% of population, but 39% of violent and 29% of property
Claude Browns Manchild in the Promise Land
oManchild = between ages 13 and 18 living in the projects
Today more intelligent and more sophisticated than when
Embezzlement someone of financial trust who misappropriates money
1. Endure and non-shareable financial problem
2. Perceive embezzlement as answer to problem
3. Define self as a thief, but still be good person
oneutralization pre behavioral justification
Differential Association (Sutherland) 1939
Principles of Crime
Learning Theory of Crime and Behavior
Crime doesnt spread from social economic status. Its learned.
o1. Criminal behavior is learned.
o2. Learning is a byproduct if interaction,
Crime vs. Deviance
Deviance: any behavior that departs from social norms, but it is not
criminal. Its not so bad that it needs to be punishable by law.
oEx: Someone cutting in line Its frowned upon but not
Crime: any act that is deemed socially h
What is crime in this country doing?
During the 1960s, the crime increased by 144% and the population
increased 13%. There is a big increase in the police force. All of the
baby boomers are entering their teenage/early twenties, and there
o1. Object of Crime (someone stole your laptop)
o2. Subject of Crime (someone hacks your computer)
o3. Instrument of Crime (use to defraud)
Types of cyber crimes:
oCyber consumer fraud pay for something and never receiv
People are hedonistic (looking to maximize pleasure and minimize
pain); therefore, they believe crime was a calculated decision. They
felt people weigh the pros and cons of committing a crime.
Burglary unlawfully enter a dwelling to commit felony or theft; pro thieves;
residence or commercial
o1. Plan burglary
select target own personal ideas or tips
casing target assessing risks of place; look for location,
isolated, in relation to tra
January 29, 2008
Social Disorganization Theory (Shaw and McKay) o Crime rates were differentially distributed throughout the city, and areas of high crime rates had high rates of other community problems o Most delinquency occurred in the a
oLook at a city
oNot trying to look at individual behavior
oConcerned with crime rates
oFocuses on individuals and individual crime
oTry to combine both micro and macro
Theory Research Policy
Types of Studies