Questions from syllabus: Instructors name: Suzanne or Dr. Delaney TA to ask questions: Melissa Sisco Participation Credits required: 8 What happens if you don't complete them all by the end of the term? Receive an I for incomplete 1 Term paper is req
Understanding Psychological Disorders
What are Psychological Disorders?
Are psychological disorders uncommon?
o Psychological disorders: behavior patterns or mental processes that cause serious
personal suffering or interfer
Anxiety and Mood Disorders
What is Anxiety?
What is anxiety?
o Anxiety: feeling dread or uneasiness in response to vague or imagined danger
o Fear is different since you respond to something real
o Anxiety is the most common
Dissociative and Somatoform Disorders
Is dissociation normal?
o Dissociation: the separation of certain personality components or mental
processes from conscious thought
Example: Someone who is so eng
What is Schizophrenia?
What is the most serious psychological disorder and how does it work?
o Schizophrenia: the loss of contact with reality
Usually appears in young adulthood
It develops gradually although
1.1 & 1.3 & 1.4 Notes
1.1 Why Study Psychology?
Behavior and Mental Process
Psychology: the scientific study of human behavior and mental process.
Behavior: any action that you can observe or measure (walking, heart rate)
2.2 Surveys, Samples, and Populations
The Survey Method
Survey: people are asked to respond to a series of questions about a particular subject.
o Surveys are used to gather information and make inferences.
2.3 Using Observation for Research
Methods of Observation
We cannot draw scientific conclusions based on our own observations.
A survey is a type of observation.
Psychological Testing Method:
o Intelligence tests: measure g
2.4 Experimental and Ethical Issues
The Experimental Method
Experiment: the method researchers use to answer questions about cause and effect.
o Limitations- It may not accurately reflect conditions in real life.
3.1 The Nervous System
Central nervous system: the brain and spinal cord.
Peripheral nervous system: nerve cells that send messages between the central nervous
system and other parts of the body.
Neurons: nerve cell
The Brain: Our Control Center
Early Beliefs About the Brain
People believed that the body was inhabited by demons or souls.
The ancient Egyptians believed that a little person controlled us.
Greek Aristotle thought the soul
5.1 The Study of Consciousness
Consciousness as a Construct
Consciousness: awareness of things that are inside ourselves
William Jamess article Does Consciousness Exist? argues that there is no way to
5.2 Sleep and Dreams
The Sleep Cycle
Circadian rhythms: biological clocks
o Example: temperature and blood pressure
o The most studied is the asleep-wake cycle
Electroencephalograph (EEG): it measures brain waves
o Asleep: A
5.3 Altered States of Consciousness
Meditation and Biofeedback
Altered stated of conscious when we are awake:
o Meditation: when you try to narrow your world so the stress fades away
All meditation focuses on a certain stimu
5.4 Drugs and Consciousness
Addiction: when a persons body starts to depend on a certain substances such as drugs
o Can cause relaxation, sleep and death
o Example: Alcohol and nicotine
Depressants: drugs that sl
Death and Dying
Stages of Dying
What is the Kbler-Ross theory?
o Psychologists believe that keeping children away from a dying relative will make
it harder to cope with their grief
o The Kbler-Ross theory: the stages of dyin
What happens to old people physically?
o Old age: 65 years old
o Their bones become brittle
o Their senses and reflexes become slower
o Skin becomes less elastic and develops wrinkles
How are generativity and middle adulthood related?
o Middle adulthood: ages 40 to 65
Some physical strength decreases but it can also increase if you want it to
o Generativity: the ability to c
States of Consciousness What is Consciousness? Our awareness of ourselves and our environment What are altered states of consciousness? Daydream, sleep, drugs, meditation not all there What are circadian rhythms? Biological clock, cyclical body rhyt
Psychological Treatments - Chapter 16 Psychotherapy: Using psychological means rather than bioloical to treat emotional and behavioral problems. Therapist Clinical Psychologist- PhD and license to practice Psychiatrist- M.D. prescribe drugs Clinical
3/25/2008 1:58:00 PM What is consciousness? Our awareness of ourselves and our environment. Altered States of Consciousness Daydreaming Sleeping Drug Induced Meditative/prayer induced Hypnosis Near death experiences Sleeping Circadian rhythm: biologi
3/6/2008 2:15:00 PM CT (computer tomography) also called cat scan: series of x-rays that portray structure of brain. (cat scan). PET Scan (positron emission tomography): radioactive glucose is picked up by PET scanner to portray activity. (function o
Below is a study guide for Exam #1. Keep in mind that I am looking at your exam questions while writing the study guide. Be sure you know what the terms are, how they have been researched, and describe your answers in your own words. I decided to lim
Drew Blumenherst October 2010 WA2 1st Grade
Attempting to recall my earliest memory took some concentration because I do not remember much of my childhood, only specific images and unique experiences. However, after scanning over my past, I definitely rem
6.1 Classical Conditioning
Principles of Classical Conditioning
Stimulus: something that produces a response from a person or animal
o Example: Hearing a song you heard when you were young brings back memories
Operant Conditioning and Reinforcement
Operant conditioning: learning from the consequences of your actions (voluntary)
Classical conditioning: responses that are involuntary
B.F. Skinner made the Skinn
6.3 Cognitive Factors in Learning
Cognitive psychologists prefer to know what people think
Latent learning: one kind of cognitive learning that remains hidden until needed
Cognitive map = mental picture
Memory Classifications and Processes
Three Kinds of Memory
Memory: the process by which we recollect prior experiences, information and skills
used in the past
o Episodic memory: the memory of something that happened to you i
What is Intelligence?
The Intelligence Puzzle
Is intelligence achievement?- No
o Achievement: knowledge and skills gained from experience
Example: Calculus and psychology
o Intelligence is the basis for achievement