Four Possible Charges Formal Charges raised by Meletus 1.corrupt the youth 2.impious towards the gods Informal Charges raised by the artists such as Aristophanes 1. makes the worst argument the better 2. studies things in the sky and below the ground
What does it mean to be pious? First Definition: "The Pious is what I am doing." (5d-6d) Second Definition: "The Pious is what is dear to the gods." (6c-8b) Correction: "The gods don't disagree about penalizing injustice." (8b-9a) Question: "What do
Who is Friedrich Durrenmatt? 2. How do you interpret the character of Claire? 3. Who are the townspeople? 4. What is the moral of The Visit? Revenge? Democratic need for Heroes?
1. 5. 6.
Why is The Visit a tragic-comedy? A question: At what point do
In his book, The Prince, Machiavelli proclaims that violence has a rightful place in the
world. Furthermore, Machiavelli teaches that violence is not only moral, but a necessity
for a ruling authority of a nation or principality so long as it is for just
2. In his letter to the Prince, Machiavelli seeks to help the Prince to understand
that violence can and should be used in order to keep his subjects sufficiently
humble, and reliant on him and none else, as their prince.
A. He who becomes the ruler of a
he is not quite as skillful as they, at least some of their ability may rub off
on him. (Machiavelli, The Prince, 18)
5. As Machiavelli advises the Prince he tells him to always be prepared or
preparing for anything at all times.
A. And, since these examp
To: The People of Athens
After having studied the accusations against Socrates I confirm that
Socrates is guilty of impiety. Impiety is a word that attempts to harness a topic
that is ever changing depending upon the culture of a people. However, a
A large part of Socrates problem is that he never has a working definition
for meaningful words. This alone causes trouble because, in essence, if you
dont know the meaning of a word or law you cannot very well be p rosecuted for
violation of it. This see
Apology, 41b). Then talking about the gods he says, It would be an
extraordinary happiness to talk with [the gods]and examine them (Plato, The
Apology, 41c). Socrates plans to continue to examine and test, even the gods!
This strikes at the very base of p
Types of Arguments 1. Overriding: "This may be correct, but this other issue is more important, because it is more urgent, because there is some logical or moral ranking of principles, because justice is more important than utility." 2. Refutation:"S
Three Ways of Thinking Politics
Methods Analytical & Historical
1. Thinking about politics
2. Thinking Self-reflective through politics and interpretative 3. Thinking Normative and politically critical
What is conflict? Wallensteen definition: Conflict is a social situation in which a minimum of two actors (Parties) strive to acquire at the same moment in time an available set of scarce resources. What is war? Dictionary: o A state of open, arme
1. What is the relationship between democracy and capitalism? 2. What is capitalism?
MAIN QUESTION FOR TODAY: What is the relationship between Capitalism and Democracy? 1. What is capitalism? 2. What are some different understandings of the relation
The purpose of todays class is to answer three questions:
1) Why study theory? 2) How should you clarify the meaning of a concept? 3) What is political theory?
Important Vocabulary: thinking politically Theorein The methods of political theory
FOUR WAYS TO CLARIFY CONCEPTS 1. IDENTIFY CONSTITUTIVE PARTS 2. GIVE AN EXAMPLE 3. SAY WHAT IT IS NOT 4. CITE AN EXPERT
THINGS TO AVOID 1. USING THE TERM TO DEFINE THAT TERM. 2. TOO BROAD/TOO NARROW DEFINITIONS
How to study for POL 203 test? Things you need to know? GENERAL STUFF The exam will include all authors covered on the syllabus. The main focus of the questions will be on concepts/ideas that were discussed in class as well as on the reading list. If
Interpretations of the Corruption of the Youth Charge Some (but not necessarily all) of the aspects of the charge that you can interpret 1) Is Socrates a teacher? Did he possess a dogma that he imparted to his listeners or did he just question? 2) Ca
Machiavellis Examples: a. Someone who did things right 1. Cesare Borgia (Duke Valentino) b. Someone who did things wrong 1. Agathocles What makes a Prince Hated? Why Should you avoid being hated?
Vocabulary Chiron Cesare Borgia Agathoc
1. What is War? 2. What role, if any, does morality play in how we fight wars? 3. Two objections to Just War Theory Vocabulary War vs. Conflict Pacifists Realists Just Means Just Ends Jus in bello Jus ad bellum
Just means Unjust means
Just ends JUS
honors the law, a very noble thing to do. In the final minutes of his life Socrates
family is brought to him. He sees them and gives them instructions as to what he
wants; he then sends his family away. It is odd that a man would send his family
away at t