Children Deprived of
Early Linguistic Input
Up until now, weve been talking about
normal children acquiring a spoken language,
based on plenty of adult input. These are the
most typical circumstances for language
Theoretical reasons why study language development:
1. Language is a window onto the human mind and how it evolved.
2. Does language separate humans from non-humans?
3. What is the relationship between language and consciousness or symboli
1. Language-specific stress patterns (05-P.21)
-In most languages, words exhibit a typical stress pattern
-English has the vast majority of words begin with a stressed syllable
-In Hungarian, most words end with a stressed syllable
-Children might use str
Challenge for the researcher
Dont understand much (if any) of what we say
A solution look how they react to their environments
-Indirect ways to study infants:
Contingent sucking rate procedure
-Theory, which theory from.
-Summary from the table (in Introduction PPT. Two main Debates about Predictions of the 3
-The table from Overview PPT Articulatory features of English consonants (IPA which
word is from English.)
-PPT Phonological p
What well cover
Early sound production and babbling
Theories of segmental production
Early Productions and
non-speech noises like crying and
tongue lls mouth
What well cover
Prenatal speech perception
Speech sound discrimination
discriminating differences that are phonemic in your language
ignoring differences that arent phonemic in your language
1. How far do children generalize?
2.Can associative models work?
can you get by without grammar
3.Do children make generalizations
for which they have no evidence?
without giving any evidence
4.Do childrens errors reect human
Messages <-> Signals
Action (Actor, Acted On)
What phonemes is she saying?
Specific Actor, Non-specific
Acted On, Past Action
NP (VP (NP