Important Reading Summaries
Downs, An Economic Theory of Democracy: The Basic Logic of Voting (Ch 3)
Downs presents a rational calculus of voting that has inspired much of
the later work on voting
Explain how Party Identification effects participation. Explain the differences
between the parties and the reason for this difference.
The higher strength of partisanship the higher level of participation
As we get to the edges of ou
Media Influenced by Differing Interests
The media is influenced/biased by three (3) differing interests. Name and
1.Economic Interest Goal is to make money
Biased toward bad news because it sells
Bad news stories
Logic of Voting
What is the fundamental problem with the Logic of Voting?
How is it overcome?
Simply put Uncertainty we try to find the party that benefits us
the most when picking a candidate/party.
oExamine all phases of government and see how they woul
Explain the concept of Information Shortcuts.
What political actors or personal behaviors are relevant to this theory?
Information Shortcuts Gut rationalities that are easily obtained
incorporated learning from past experiences, dai
Expected Party Differential
What does the term Expected Party Differential refer to?
If there is a problem with this concept, how is it solved?
Expected Party Differential the difference between expected
party utility incomes (benefits)
oProblem How do we
How is Economic Rationality different from the more simple concept of
Economic Rationality the measure of benefits in citizens minds
which they use to decide alternatives
oThe measure of benefits is derived from governmen
What is cognitive dissonance?
How is it minimized by political actors?
What political characteristic reinforces this concept?
Cognitive Dissonance an uncomfortable feeling caused by
holding two contradictory ideas simultaneously
Categories of Political Participation
According to Participation in America, political participation can be grouped
into four (4) categories. Name and describe them.
1.Voting Largest and easiest method of political participation
most widespread and regul
By-Product Theory of Information
Explain the By-Product Theory of Information.
In Detail. What does it allow people to overcome?
In which various ways or with which political actors is this theory relevant?
By-Product Theory of Information all things done