Animal Behavior ECOL 487
*If you go to insect festival this weekend, write up an insect animal behavior you observed, it
can be turned in for class participation. (1 page)
4 conditions required for natural selection to shape behavior:
-Navigation: How do animals get from point A to point b and maybe back?
EX: the home range of the diamondback rattlesnake: does it know their home range?
Navigation: process of determining and maintaining a course or traj
Ecol 487 Lecture
Animal cognition II: What do animals know?
*quiz on Thursday
B.F. skinner => psychology in animal learning Behaviorist Approach:
o Explain behavior through its consequences input output
o Look for an orderliness in response to
Learning is a developmental process:
Benefit of an instinct =
o Instincts are beneficial when mistakes are not an option (first mistake might be
Ex: visual cliff for cats and human babies; chicks have a
Learning and evolution: Adaptations to predator avoidance
Major theme: Behavior enhancing morphology
Three stages in process of predation
Examples of adaptations
crypsis = camouflage pepper moth morphs and cep
Seminar: On the origins of novelty and diversity and evolutionary case study on beetle horns.
Presented by: Armin P. Moczek
Horns on beetles are a unique feature in the animal world. Dr. Moczek dives into the
Animal Behavior Supplement Article Notes!
- Echolocation has development in many types of organisms bats, shrews, whales,
- Some bats have to shut down their echolocation system to hear better in other situations
1. Back in time, during the hunter/gatherer era, what was the view toward animals?
a. Rational, intelligent beings with spirits/souls
2. Who was Pythagoras? What was he known for?
a. Mathematical genius and mystic; vegetarian
b. Taught that there is a tra