Stress Resistance - a three stage process by which the body responds to stress
How does stress effect well-being?
o Stress can affect well-being through different pathways.
o Direct effects on immune s
Examples of Disorders
Monica has gone away to college and feels lonely, sad, and dejected.
o Her grades are fine, and she gets along ok with the other students in the dorm, but
inside shes choked with gloom, hopelessness, and despair.
Other stresses are common to daily life
o Negative events or Positive events
Major life changes often precede illnesses
How much of a change is important to how stressful it is, what the
Defining a Disorder
How do we define something as a disorder?
Defining A Disorder:
When is a pattern of behavior disordered?
o Deviance- NOT typical
(i.e., statistically and/or socially abnormal)
Not all Deviant behavior is bad
Deviance is a d
Feeling good, feeling healthy
o Well-being in thought to involve different elements
o Studying well-being forces us to consider the interactions between these elements
Construct new models
Milgrams Obedience Study
Obedience to authority
o What was so shocking about this study? The results!
Milgram found that 20 people in his study obeyed the authority of the researchers
and administered high levels of electrical shock.
o 15 of the teachers
Stanley Milgram (1933 1984)
Studied social interaction, obedience
o Obedience to Authority (1974)
Why do people obey orders to do terrible things?
Milgrims Obedience Study (1963)
Logic of the study
Commanded to administer increasingly more
What is Stress?
The importance attached to a thing: to lay stress upon good manners.
The physical pressure, pull, or other force exerted on one thing by another strain.
o It is not just a simple cause and effect interaction.
o It is not necessarily
Social Loafing and Kitty Genovese
o Social loafing: the tendency of people to exert less effort in group tasks
People think their contribution is unimportant
Less individual evaluation
Nobody wants to be a sucker!
Diagnosing Mental Disorders
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
o Has existed since 1952, with several revisions
o Current edition: DSM-IV-TR
o Groups disorders by category
o Checklist of observable symptoms