A persons standards of morality are what they determine for his or her self. There are
many factors that create the foundation of ones opinion while determining whether something is
ethically or morally wrong. In my opinion, two of the larg
Peter singer makes the argument that our decision to provide assistance does not
take proximity or distance into account.
But before Singer goes to prove this argument, he sets up two assumptions. First
he makes the assumption that s
Response to ONeill Article: Between Consenting Adults
Onora ONeills article Between Consenting Adults centers on the general idea that
there is a vast difference between using people and treating
Response to Thomson Article: A Defense of Abortion
In Thomsons article A Defense of Abortion, an argument is raised regarding the concept
of abortion. Thomson begins by stating that most of the p
Take Home Exam Unit 2
The Fundamentals of Ethics Ch.1
1. An instrumental good is something that makes our lives better like medicine or
pizza; it holds value because it improves our well-being.
2. Something that intrinsically valuable is something
1. What differentiates a meta-ethic from a moral theory?
a. A moral theory gives an opinion on a type of action, and a meta-ethic indicates the
status of moral claims
2. Consider moral nihilism, ethical subjectivism, ethical relativism, error th
1. Socrates asks Euthyphro what the pious is. Euthyphro's initial
answer is "the pious is what I am doing now" (p. 5). What is wrong
with this answer? Why does Socrates find it to be inadequate?
Instead of defining what is pious, Euthyphro seeks to defend
Act so that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in that of the another, always as
an end [in itself] and never merely as a means.
"Humanity": for Kant: Rational nature
Intuitive idea: Treat other rational beings as important in their own rig
Reading: "Immanuel Kant (1785), Excerpt from Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals"
For consequentialists, the consequences of an act can conceivably justify any kind of act, so long as the
overall consequences are good enough.
Ex.) using others as slave
Reading: The survival lottery
Consequentialism: The rightness of actions is determined by their consequences
specifically, by the extent to which they promote intrinsic goods and help avoid intrinsic
Intrinsic goods: Happiness? Well-bring more broad
The experience machine.
Hypothetical machine you could plug into that would give you any experience you desired.
The illusion of living the things in the real world.
A vivid aide to thinking about the question of what matters other than how our
Reading: Puppies, pigs, and people: eating meat and marginal cases - Alastair Norcross
1.) It is wrong to torture puppies for gustatory pleasure
2.) If it is wrong to torture puppies for gustatory pleasure, then it is also wrong to purchase
ON A SUPPOSED RIGHT TO LIE BECAUSE OF
In the periodical France2 for 1797, Part VI, No.1, page 123, in an article bearing the title "On Political
Reactions"3 by Benjamin Constant4 there is contained on p. 123 the follow
Philosophy Compass 1/5 (2006): 493505, 10.1111/j.1747-9991.2006.00038.x
Well-Being: Psychological Research for
University of Minnesota
Well-being in the broadest sense is what we have when we are living lives that a
Let us suppose that organ transplant procedures have been perfected; in
such circumstances if two dying patients could be saved by organ transplants then, if surgeons have the requisite organs in stock and no other
PHI 192: Introduction to Moral Theory
For your midterm exam you'll need to be able to write around half a page of a large blue
book doing each of the following:
1- Name four areas of Ethics and explain what kind of issues each area
PHIL 192 Fall 2015
Final Exam Study Guide
To prepare for the exam, be able to give a 1 1.5 written page answer to 5 of these questions. Take
care to answer each part of the question. This is what the final exam will look like.
1. Define altruism, and desc
Nominated Question Assignment
1. Explain the comparison between a good god and a good referee that Shafer-Landau
presents when talking about the origination of Gods commands.
2. List the three different views on the relations
Final Study Guide
1. The Argument from disagreement- Shafer Landau does not agree with the conclusion
that objective moral truths dont exist. Just because there is disagreement, that does not
entail that there is not an answer, it just means
Introduction to Moral Theory
In a perfect society the people that do the right things would be rewarded, and the
people that deviated would be punished accordingly. But what about when the deviants
are correctly punished? Sma
A recent article published in the Florida Freedom Newspaper, by Felicia
Kitzmiller, tells the story of the Bay County Animal Control Center and its overflow in
capacity of animals coming into the shelter. Within the last five years this a
November 30, 2011
Recently a group of 75 former NFL players sued the organization because of
long-term brain injuries they acquired as a result of playing football. Their stance is that
the NFL should have done more to warn the players about the
Questions from students and some answers too!
1. What does Euthyphro mean when he says that holiness is a service to the Gods? If it
is a service doesn't that mean we decide what is holy and not the Gods?
1a. Good question! Think of service in t
Defense Against Abortion reading notes
-to chose a point in development and say before this point this thing is not a person, after
this point it is, is making an arbitrary choice
-a fetus is not a person a clump of cells is no more a person than an acorn
noun 1. the quality or fact of being prudent. 2. caution with regard to practical matters; discretion. 3. regard for one's own interests. 4. provident care in the management of resources; economy; frugality. -Synonyms Simply attempted provision a
Phi 192 midterm study guide
1. Know what makes and action right according to consequentialism and
Consequentialism states that the consequences of ones actions are the ultimate basis for
judgement about the rightness of judgement, so a mor
1. There is a persistent disagreement between intelligent, well-informed people about
2. No empirical test can resolve such disagreements.
3. Therefore, objective truths do not exists.
The flaw in this argument is that
April 15, 2012
1. Explain dogmatism and qualities that would make a person dogmatic.
2. How does Hume use the example of Paleys watch in his argument against miracles?
April 5, 2012
A Defense of Abortion
When examining abortion, people tend to make a decision that is usually based in
morality. But how does one measure anothers right to life? Judith Jarvis Thomson sets
out to evaluate the morals of