Professor Thomas Keck
TA: Chan Woong Shin
March 21, 2013
Affirmative Action in the 21st Century
Racial discrimination has been a problem in the United States since it was first
colonized. Even after the end of slavery, African-Americans and
September 16, 2011
Chief Justice John Roberts
America is the land full of opportunity and freedom; these ideals, protected under
the Constitution, have existed for over two centuries as the cornerstone of life in America.
It is the
1. Citizens United v. Federal Elections Committee. Supreme Court.
21 Jan. 2010. Scotusblog.com. Web. 16 Sept. 2011.
2. Gonzales v. Carhart. Supreme Court. Supreme Court of The
United States. Scotusblog.com, 18 Apr. 2007. Web. 16 Sept.
Equality and the Constitution:
Brown v. Board of Ed
Dont base 14th amendment on history dont use originalist interpretation
Separate is inherently unequal = stigmatic argument
o Creates inferiority
o Used social science as evidence
Equality and the Constitution
Slavery & Jim Crow
Case: Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)
Topic: Fixed & universal opinion
Facts: Plaintiff is a former slave claiming to be a citizen of MO, bringing a trespass action against
defendant. Federal jurisdiction was