PHI 251: Logic
In a good deductive argument the conclusion follows from the premises. But what exactly does this
involve? Logic aims to answer that question by giving a mathematically precise account of the relation
of logical consequen
Reading: Puppies, pigs, and people: eating meat and marginal cases - Alastair Norcross
1.) It is wrong to torture puppies for gustatory pleasure
2.) If it is wrong to torture puppies for gustatory pleasure, then it is also wrong to purchase
The experience machine.
Hypothetical machine you could plug into that would give you any experience you desired.
The illusion of living the things in the real world.
A vivid aide to thinking about the question of what matters other than how our
Reading: The survival lottery
Consequentialism: The rightness of actions is determined by their consequences
specifically, by the extent to which they promote intrinsic goods and help avoid intrinsic
Intrinsic goods: Happiness? Well-bring more broad
Reading: "Immanuel Kant (1785), Excerpt from Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals"
For consequentialists, the consequences of an act can conceivably justify any kind of act, so long as the
overall consequences are good enough.
Ex.) using others as slave
Act so that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in that of the another, always as
an end [in itself] and never merely as a means.
"Humanity": for Kant: Rational nature
Intuitive idea: Treat other rational beings as important in their own rig
Paper #2, Topic 1: The Mind
Despite the seemingly exponential growth of the knowledge and fields of science
that society has access to, the relationship between the body and the mind. The mind
seems to be something we cannot observe physically. No instrum
1. Socrates asks Euthyphro what the pious is. Euthyphro's initial
answer is "the pious is what I am doing now" (p. 5). What is wrong
with this answer? Why does Socrates find it to be inadequate?
Instead of defining what is pious, Euthyphro seeks to defend
Final Paper Outline
Choice: Defend a stance in the debate about Free Will and Determinism.
Thesis: In this paper, I will be using cases of intuition, and ethics and morality to support libertarianism
and deny determinis
PHI 175: Social & Political
Instructor: Steve Steward
Hello students! Im pleased to meet you all.
My full name is Stephen Steward, but I prefer
it if you just call me Steve.
Ok, now Id like to tell
The goal of this lesson is to give you lots of pointers about how to
complete your argument map due Friday.
Choose an argument from the readings and represent it as an argument
The map should be legible
The Racial Contract
White supremacy is the unnamed political system that
has made the modern world what it is today (p. 1)
But white supremacy has been ignored in political
philosophy, mainly because most philosophers are
PHI 175: Introduction to Social & Political
Time/location: Online, anytime.
Instructor: Steve Steward email: [email protected]
Office hours: No physical office hours. Email is the best way to
communicate with me.
Test 3 Study Guide
Early Modern Philosophers
1. Metaphysics and Epistemology are broad subfields of philosophy. Explain
what these subfields are and what kinds of issues are studied in each one.
metaphysics: the study of the bas
Free Will and Determinism by Clifford Williams
A. Preface vii
a. aims to present the main features of the problem of free will and
b. Characters (all of equal status)
2. Thinks everything we do is determined.
PHI107-Free Will & Determinism Outline
Thesis: In this paper, I will be using cases of intuition, and ethics and morality to support
libertarianism and deny determinism.
a. view on the 3 claims
there are g
distinguish between the two
formal is clear and precise
motion is impossible
infinite amount of points to cross to get to your destination
intended to be such that i
PHI 107 - Thurs, 9/4/2014
(Finishing the Ontological Argument)
The Cosmological Argument
Leftover from last time:
Finishing the Ontological Argument
Quick Review of the Ontological Argument
Kants Objection to the Ontological Argument
- Existence is no
PHI 107 Tues 9/2/14
Belief in Gods Existence
the Ontological Argument.
Agenda: Tues 9/2/14
Belief in Existence of God.
Ontological Argument for Existence of God.
Belief in God?
Should one believe in the existence of God?
What does the question mean?
PHI 107 Lecture Thursday 8/28/14
Logic & Arguments
the Value of Philosophy
PHI 107 Thurs 8/29/13
I. Arguments Validity & Soundness
II. The Value of Philosophy
Deductive & Inductive Arguments
PHI 107 Part II Knowledge
Skeptical Arguments and
the Method of Doubt
Where we are.
Finishing up Part I Existence of God?
What should you believe about the existence
of God? Does God exist?
How should you decide?
Does God exist? - Ho
PHI 107 9/16/13
The Argument from Evil
One item to finish from last time:
the Anthropic Principle.
The Argument from Evil.
Objections and Replies.
Recapping the Ping-Pong
Biological version of Design Argument (eagle eye)
I chose 2 way interactive
because it only makes sense to me that the mind and body are separate things that
work together to help a person function. The mind is not to be confused with the
brain because the brain is part of a persons phy
Moral Luck to receive a benefit of significance of which you could
have never anticipated that benefit.
His example mom died at 16 he could have used that has an
excuse but used that as a way to reflect the power of moral
I. Symbolize the following sentences and provide a symbolization guide:
1. Even though Peter likes popsicles and ice cream, he does not like smoothies.
2. Peter does not like both popsicles and ice cream, although he likes one
PHI107: Knowledge & Reality
Study Questions - The Nature of Arguments
Last updated: February 6, 2017
These questions will be part of the basis of the exams for the class. It will be announced in class
which of these questions you will need to
1. What differentiates a meta-ethic from a moral theory?
a. A moral theory gives an opinion on a type of action, and a meta-ethic indicates the
status of moral claims
2. Consider moral nihilism, ethical subjectivism, ethical relativism, error th
Take Home Exam Unit 2
The Fundamentals of Ethics Ch.1
1. An instrumental good is something that makes our lives better like medicine or
pizza; it holds value because it improves our well-being.
2. Something that intrinsically valuable is something
Homework 1 Due in class on 2/11/16!
Feel free to handwrite your answers on a separate sheet of paper, or type them up. If you
choose to handwrite, please do your best to make it neat (yes, I do sound hypocritical given my own
May 3, 2016
The Extended Mind
Theory that mental states and processes go beyond the physical boundaries of our skull or
brain to include our surrounding environment, branching out into the broader world. The