The Greek translation of the Chumash- dating back to the 3rd century bce,
its been called the most important translation ever made. Because it opened
up the torah to the rest of the world- it actually started Christianity. Because
it wasnt writ
Herod the Great
The romans came when Aristobulous and Hyrkanous were weak- and made H
leader since he was weaker.
-Herods father is from Edom, he was forcibly converted by John Hyrcanus.
Herod followed Mark Anthony, but once he is losing, Herod goes to Au
Dead Sea Scrolls
1947 there was a Bedouin boy herding his goats around the dead sea, and one
of his goats went into a cave. So he through a rock in to get the goat out. But he
hears something shatter. So he left that day- but he came back later. He climbs
Jesus is short of Yehoshuah, and his name is the Greekized version-yeshu is a shortened form
Christ is English for the Greek word anointed one, which is just the translation of mashiach.
Lead up to the destruction of the Temple
The Governors: took the side of the local pagans over the Jews and didnt treat them
Stopping to except the sacrifices of the emperor- traditionally they used to take korbans
from other peoples as
Rome took advantage of the Aristobulus II and Hyrcanus II family feud
They gained control over Israel
H was kohen gadol, but now Judea depended mostly on rome
Gabinius (a roman gov in seria) changed the governments structer (that had been in place
The Romans control the land, but took the Greek philosophy and science, since they
dont have so much culture of there own- so the term Greco-Roman combines both. This
is important for us because today we are also under western influence- so we are in a ve
Beliefs verses practice
-We care more about common practice
-Ask about mechitza before ask about theology
According to Josephus: they were arguing about the philosophy.
-Pharisees have observances handed down by fathers- not written down,
Around for a very long time- they were very strong, so it was
possible that they were going to be the future of torah beliefs.
Melachim Bet Perek Yud Ziyan: 722 exile 10 tribes and Assyrians
take over. He brought people from