When and why do we read the book of Yonah as part of our liturgy?
a) The story of Jonah teaches us how no one is beyond the reach of G d's hand.
Just as Jonah's endeavor to escape Gd's providence was unsuccessful, so, too,
we are incapable of eluding d
Rashi: Rav Shlomo Yitzchaki. Rashi clarifies literal meaning of the Pshat. Sometimes he will bring in an
Agadah, only to teach a lesson, or if the literal meaning doesnt explain what it needs to.
Theme of Sefer Shemot according to Rashi: We ar
Hinei Na Yadaati
1) Now. She was tzniut. Musar Haskel: Looks are not primary!
2) In comparison to Mitzri women
Picking up on the WHY
Ramban & Radak:
Ken minhag HaLashon derech
Ibn Ezra: Often says Ein Tzorech Not necessary because pesukim are just
Hava Li Banim
Rashi: Transforms language of the text from what it seems like it means to something
else. What hes doing is:
Rasag: Ta-weel Lefaresh/ interpret. Insert words to make it make sense
o Yad Hashem = Koach Hashem
o Einei Hashem = Hashgacha
Perspectives well be using:
Pg 7 of syllabus
Ibn Ezra says 1/1000 of Rashi is pshat. (Hes probably being harsh.)
Rav Shevel says the midrash is what the Torah really means, which makes it pshat.
1475 First Hebrew books published
1500s Mikraot Gedolot created by BenChaim
o Hes included in the MG
o Radak on Tehillim was published before the first sefer tehillim was published
o Many manuscripts of his have been found.
Neviim, Tehillim, Divrei HaYamim, and Bereshit (Perhaps Maaleh
The order of his works might be refelected in how much
philosophy he integrates
If he contradicts himself, we trust the more recent source
EX: DH- As I expl
Radaks use of Rashi:
Radak is critical of everything he reads. He doesnt blindly accept
<HW: Reader pg 13 14> MAKE UP NOTES
EX2) Meshubati What does it mean? (1) Rebellion (2) Teshuva.
These answers are polar opposites. How does he decide
Radaks use of Ibn Ezra
<Reader Pg. 24-25> Function of Ibn Ezra:
Ibn Ezra is the synthesis of parshanut from Spain.
When hes chased out of Spain, he stopped writing in
Arabic, and switched to Hebrew, thus transferring Spains
learning methodologies to t
Ex 5) (1) Tefilla raising hands to heaven In prayer. (2) Nesiat Kapeichem
First explanation makes sense textually as both halves of the passuk are
referring to it.
The chazal is bringing in the halacha that a kohen who murders is not
Ex1) Q: How could Chana not bring Shmuel? Basis of q = halacha. If not
for the halacha, youd think ok, maybe boys have to go starting bar
mitzvah etc. Chazal give an answer that she saw he was weak, so bringing
him would be dangerous.
Theres no pshat an
Navi final review sheet:
1. What event is yonah describing in his prayer in chapter 2? Elaborate how it is done
yonah is describing the water and when he was first thrown into the water. His tefillah is
done as a shira
2. How is the yonah of chap
Goals of Course:
1) To get an intuitive sense of mefarshim.
2) Expose to world of Scholarship of Parshanut HaMikra.
How their minds work. What are their goals in their parshanut? Relationship between mefarshim,