Apgar Test of Identifying At-Risk Newborns:
Good strong cry and regular
Weak cry and shallow
Some flexion of the
CONCEPTS/IDEAS/FACTS IN DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCH.
Development: Concept of Stages
Development: Continuity vs. Discontinuity
Development: Quantitative vs. Qualitative changes
Continuity is quantitative
Discontinuity is qualitative - like stages in development
Quotes: Who said it? What did s/he mean?
1. "Man is born free and he is everywhere in chains"
Jean Jacques Rousseau nurture
2. To understand is to invent
Piaget Activity is important because grappling with schemas is how they develop.
3. Give me 10 heal
NAMES: Who am I?
Familial security, in the early stages is of a dependent type and forms a basis from
which the individual can work out gradually. Where familial security is lacking, the
individual is handicapped by the lack of what might
Bronfenbrenner: Ecological perspective
Microsystem: immediate surroundings; parents school, friends, etc.
Mesosystem: The interactions of the Microsystems to eachother Ex: parent to day
Exosystem: Involves links between a social setting in which t
Tools or "Signs" of a Culture (e.g. Language)
Zone of Proximal Development
The point right above what a child can do independently- scaffold one step above it
The adult uses prompts that get children to think guides knowledge witho
Gottliebs Epigenetic Model of Bidirectional Influences
Epigenetic = above/ beyond genetics. The concept that there are physiological
dispositions that dont change.
Concept of Temperament = individual differences in emotional, motor, and
Security Theory (See Mary Ainsworth above), Internal Model of Relationships (There is a
critical period for the primary care-giver like Lorenz who had the ducks follow him (imprinted)
The Strange Situation
Verbal and Performance measures of IQ
Fluid and Crystalized intelligence
Fluid = quick reasoning and abstract thought
o Decreases with age
Crystallized = accumulated knowledge like vocab
o Increases with age
Trajectory of intelligence scor
TECHNIQUES FOR INFANT STUDY:
Habituation-Dishabituation technique: an infants tendency to stop looking at a
repeated stimulus (shows recognition) Dishabituation occurs when a child learns to
discriminate between two stimuli.
Preference technique (and it
Genotype is the blueprints
Phenotype is the expression of the genes (the visible characteristics)
Both genes and environmental factors affect the phenotype
Polygenic and Monogenic influence on traits - More than one gene affects a trait.
Imprinted on ducks to follow him upon their birth
Equilibrium and Disequilibrium
o When our schema is challenged, we adjust them and our knowledge is
developed until we feel that we are at equilibrium/ everything is figured