Ch. 2- Theories of Development
What is a theory?
(1) set of ideas; theories are not proven facts!
(2) many people criticize theories as "impractical"; the truth is everyone is a
(3) good theories have a research base that provides evidence; the
INTRO: How important are relationships? What do we receive from
EX: MT 22:34-40. handout
Is any relationship more important than others? (discuss) Many
developmentalists believe that the parent/child relationships ar
Self & Personality
INITRO: what is personality? (discuss)
- most people describe sets of behaviors, that we believe are driven
by internal states or traits
- not all psychologists agree on the existence of personality
SELF-CONCEPT AND SELF-ESTEEM
INTRO: Are you normal? How do you know?
I liked the book title I saw awhile back Everyone is Normal Until You Get
to Know Them. !
- the truth is we have a little craziness in us; normality or
abnormality is a matter of degree
What is morality? What makes an action moral or immoral?
Research on moral development has focused on three dimensions
1. Affect, emotion corresponding to Freuds psychoanalytic
theory of development
INTRO: How important is language? When you get on an elevator and
everyone is speaking another language, how do you feel?
WHAT MUST BE MASTERED?
Several sets of skills must be mastered in order to understand language:
- phonology (sounds)
INTRO: What is intelligence? What is an intelligent person like?
- there is no clear consensus among psychologists
1. Historically, there have been 2 basic approaches to defining intelligence:
(1) practical, adaptive approach (Piaget)
Genetics and Development
INTRO: what is the nature vs. nurture argument about? - What is the
primary influence in human development?
(DISCUSS) Who are you most like in your family? least like?
Defn: study of the extent to which geneti
INTRO: How important is "gender" in today's society? What sort of issues
does gender influence? (Discuss)
- is it emphasized too much? too little? different groups would answer
that question differently
- What is the first question asked about a ne
INTRO: What does the family contribute to individual development? To
the larger society? (Discuss)
FORMS OF FAMILY SYSTEMS
The family is arguably the most important of all social systems; we see it in
basically two forms:
(1) nuclear family uni
INTRO: What makes up environment? There is a mutual interaction
between humans and the environment
The first environment that any of us experience is the prenatal environment;
it is often the most neglected; multiple influences:
Death & Dying
INTRO: If you knew that that you only had 7 days to live, how would you
want to spend that time?
- not to be alarmist, but you dont know if you have even seven days
EX: This awareness was first forced upon me in a personal way when
Intro: Have you wondered where the curriculum in public education comes
from? Why we teach what we teach, especially when we try to teach it?
Few people have the profound effect on the study of cognitive development