Briefly describe three ways that parenthood has positively changed Katherine Ellison.
Answer will vary
Brooks - Chapter 01 #56
Briefly describe four protective factors that led to positive outcomes in the Rochester
1. In addition to providing food, shelter, and access to schooling, parents have additional
responsibilities in providing for children such as (name two) _.
2. Society and the law view children as dependent and subject to parents' r
37. Parents say government can do more to help parents by doing all of the following EXCEPT
A. removing sales tax from items necessary for children like formula or diapers.
B. requiring employers to give paid maternal and paternal leave.
C. increasing tax
57. Briefly describe one theory you find useful in understanding parent-child relationships and
describe three insights you have gained from it.
58. Briefly describe three insights from studies using cortisol that help parents understand and carry
Chapter 2 Key
Socialization is the process _.
is the process by which individuals learn the skills necessary for life in the group they belong
Brooks - Chapter 02 #1
William Cross identifies two aspects of identity: _ and _.
personal identity and
59. Briefly describe three stresses Joe Ehrmann believes society places on men in contemporary
60. Briefly describe what social scientists mean by the term "two-track childhood" and give two
reasons why social scientists are concerned.
Chapter 3 Summary
# of Questions
Brooks - Chapter 03
1. Christoph Heinicke identifies three psychological qualities of parents that provide an optimal
parenting environment: _, _, and _.
2. Research with teen mothers has
58. Based on her interviews and review of research, Annie Murphy Paul made several
recommendations for protecting the health and well-being of developing baby, mother and father.
Briefly describe five of her recommendations and state why they are importan
List at least five of Michael Lu's Ten Steps to Stress Resilience and give three reasons why
these are important steps to take.
Answer will vary
Brooks - Chapter 04 #55
Describe three findings from James McHale's study of forming co-parenting all
6. About 1 in _ children in the United States live in immigrant families.
7. The three main indicators determining parents' social status are _.
8. The term _ _ describes the physical/social settings, the child-rearing
practices, and the values of the
Of the thirty-eight million immigrants in this country, about _ percent are authorized to be
Brooks - Chapter 01 #38
Compared to children who do not have this gene, children who have the DRD4-7 repeat allele
Describe three characterizations of each of Annette Lareau's child rearing approaches termed
Concerted Cultivation and Accomplishment of Natural Growth.
Answer will vary
Brooks - Chapter 02 #58
Describe four ways cultural values are transmitted f
22. Survey data reveals that with multitasking children between the ages of eight and eighteen have
total recreational media exposure of about ten hours and forty-five minutes per day, not including
the time spent with cell phones and texting.
Judith Rich Harris believes that _ and peer group socialization determine adult
personalities, not parents' behavior.
Brooks - Chapter 01 #11
Currently, one in every _ children in the U.S. lives in poverty.
Brooks - Chapter 01 #12
Even those Americans who disapprove of the changes in family structures are optimistic about
the future of marriage and the family.
Brooks - Chapter 01 #27
Because it is hard for children when they have poor health, parents take special plea
Katherine Ellison believes motherhood improves all of the following abilities EXCEPT
A. social skills.
Brooks - Chapter 01 #47
Judith Warner describes all of the following as examples of society's unrealis
Chapter 7 Key
When their infants were three months of age, James McHale found that in his middle-class
sample of parents, about _ of women and _ percentage of men suffered
from clinical levels of depressive symptoms.
Brooks - Chapter 07 #1
49. When mothers going through divorce become more accepting with children
A. children feel less anxious and less worried in middle school.
B. children's behavior changes quickly in response to mothers' changes.
C. children's behavior changes did not pers
_ neurons in several areas of the brain serve many functions including helping us to
understand other people.
Brooks - Chapter 03 #6
Infants and children differ not in whether _ takes place with parents but in the nature
and quality that dep
Secure attachments contribute to children's compliance because
A. feeling secure, they pay attention to parents' messages.
B. children imitate parents' behavior.
C. children worry about breaking rules and getting in trouble.
D. children are afraid pa
13. Children adopted from South Korea were less likely to have developmental delays because of the
quality of early institutional care.
14. When children learn about donor assistance at a young an age, they become upset because they
do not unde
Dimensions underlying a successful transition to parenthood include
A. having no expectations about what having a baby brings.
B. having communication skills.
C. an insistence on what one thinks is important.
D. A and C
Brooks - Chapter 04 #46
40. Compared to those children who have never been poor, children who were chronically poor from
birth to age nine, experienced a lower quality of parental care reflected in
A. less sensitive caregivers.
B. less stimulating homes.
C. more depressed caregi
53. Negative interactions with parents in infancy
A. are brief and last only a few seconds.
B. increase likelihood of toddler noncompliance.
C. have few effects in the toddler or later years.
D. A and C
54. In England a longitudinal study of sleeping in t
A father's feelings about the pregnancy
A. preoccupy him during the pregnancy.
B. have little to do with his behavior after the birth.
C. influence father's involvement in care of the baby after the birth.
D. are frequently not strong.
Brooks - Chapt
41. Toddlers reduce negative feelings in all of the following ways EXCEPT
A. using transitional objects.
B. looking away and soothing themselves.
C. going to bed.
D. asking parents for help.
42. Babies cry less in the first three months when
A. A. they ar
14. When schoolchildren face problems, they take action in those situations where they _.
15. Children see _ as being the best "multipurpose social provider available."
16. A social skills autopsy involves parents' identifying what children did wrong
When parents of three-month-old babies were in the process of forming a coparenting
A. were not in conflict but out of synch.
B. argued until they arrived at a compromise.
C. ignored problems as they arose.
D. each took responsibilitie
Parents who follow the interdependent model do all of the following EXCEPT
A. give frequent commands to the child.
B. teach values of respect and obedience.
C. encourage child's questions.
D. keep the child physically close.
Brooks - Chapter 02 #31
The _ process is a way professionals have developed to help parents work out
agreements that reflect parents' and children's needs and avoid expensive and stressful legal
collaborative divorce process
Brooks - Chapter 15 #15