Studyguide to chapters 7 and 8 - ENG 414
Chapter 7: Morphemes are the smallest units of lexical or grammatical meaning. A
word can consist of one morpheme or of more.
Affixes: suffixes are more prevalent than prefixes. See WALS map 26!
Why is there a poss
Studyguide to chapters 12 and 13
Chapter 12 is about tense and aspect and how to distinguish them.
Tense can be thought of as a point on a timeline. It can be absolute or relative (when
connected to another event). It is generally not so complex; just thi
Overview of Chapter 1-8 Elly 17 Febr 2011 Typology get insight into the faculty of language be able to understand data from many different languages and use them see relations between/among languages in connection to areal + genetic linguistics Big names:
Sample ENG 414 Exam questions Spring 2011 Elly van Gelderen 1. 2. 3. What is the aim of linguistic typology? List the 5 lexical categories (aka parts of speech) that most people recognize. How would you go about proving that book in (1) is a N? (1) 4. 5.
ENG 414 Typology Review of chapters 1-3 25 January 2010 Chapter 1 Four ways to classify language: genetic, demographic, areal, and structural/typological. What is universal in language? all languages have consonants and vowels all languages have (voiceles
Review of Chapter 9
ENG 414 Ellys notes
This is a complex chapter even though it touches on agreement and Case, concepts that
we are already familiar with. The first part is about the need for the grammatical roles of
S, A, and O (P in the chapter) and th
Studyguide to chapter 5
Chapter 5 introduces Word Order Universals. Joseph Greenberg was a pioneer in the
field of universals and well look at a few of his universals; Matthew Dryer has done a lot
on Word Order as well.
How to determine word order? Do
ENG 414 Studyguide to Chapter 4 Elly van Gelderen This chapter is a bout basic building blocks and concepts necessary to describe languages. 1. Parts of Speech. Whaley calls them `lexical classes'. Many people (myself included) divide them into: lexical c