PHI 306 Final Study Guide
1. How does Rachels define active euthanasia? Passive Euthanasia?
According to Rachels, active euthanasia is the intentional killing of a patient in order to
prevent unnecessary suffering. Passive euthanasia is intentionally lett
Joe Mitchell-Nelson PHI 101 Pinillos 28 November 2007 The Problem of Induction You work in the quality control department of an iPod factory. Your duty is to watch iPods roll by on a conveyor belt, and remove every mp3 player that has a visible defec
PHI 306 Exam 2 Study Guide:
1. State both forms of Ethical Relativism.
Cultural Ethical Relativism: there's no such thing as just plain rightness or wrongness;
rightness and wrongness are relational properties that relate acts to the preferences of a
PHI 306 Exam 1 Study Guide
What is a Utilitarian?
a person who believes that rightness can be defined in terms of goodness (net value,
What is the difference between an Act Utilitarian and a Rule Utilitarian?
an act utilitarian believes that an a
Study Guide: Focus on the major arguments of the readings, as well as philosophical content. (For example, you do not need to know when and where Aristotle was born.) The headings in the lecture materials also indicate major points of the readings.
Marx: Difference between extrinsic and intrinsic motivation: Extrinsic motivation means a person is motivated by an outside source like money, power, status, material goods, fame, etc. Intrinsic motivation means a person is motivated by
Theory, Method, and
Part I, Chapter 1
Latter half of the 20th Century
World wide spread of English
Native speakers (300 million)
Non-native speakers (700 million)
English is spreading like a wild fire to
all parts of the world
Spread of English d