Simple Harmonic Motion
The purpose of this lab experiment is to study the behavior of springs in
static and dynamic situations. We will determine the spring constant, , for an
individual spring using both Hooke's Law and the properties of an
oscillating s
Physics of a Light Bulb
Introduction and Theory: Ohm's law states that the voltage V across a piece of material (such as a wire) is proportional to the current I through the material: V = IR (1)
where R is the resistance of the piece of material. The resi
4
5 V `X V QTE dV G T G ETX G 9 E V rE e Q A V ` V eT ViV e C 9i 5~ g 9T ~ g T Q 9 V eT C 9 V ` `TE G 9 Qi 9 e
66a9c6arp0hY6W!6xFcs!sa`R`YhaGaQhpyWxh6Whvnt ht pt !w fRG!ppichaGaQWB!xaphwu
5H Q `Vr V QTEdV G e Q A XVr9 C GV e
6RTkUa9x6cRrWB0hpRTY806BFx!p
Lab 1:
Measurements of a Table
Objectives:
to learn the concepts of the mean value, the standard deviation of the mean,
significant figures by using measurements of the table;
to practice the propagation of errors.
to understand the difference between
The Pendulum
Introduction and Theory A pendulum consists of a point mass and a string. The point mass is suspended at one end of the string and the other end of the string is held fixed. The motion of a pendulum takes place in a vertical plane as illustra
1. The width and length of a room are 3.2 yd and 4.0 yd respectively. The height of
the room is 8.0 ft.
a. What is the volume of the room in cubic meters?
b. What is the area of the ceiling in the room in square centimeters?
2. Vector R has a magnitude of
The main focus of chapter four is forces and motion in two dimensions. This includes movement along a line, free fall, and projectile motion. The chapter also explains air resistance and thee effects it has on all objects that are in motion. The appa
5
7 u R B g6e B @T w D
fHdgbPCbI`uCh`6
i
jh
PB R v @ R @ d T @ RB d B @T BW D g 6 k TP I u BWa p v Ra lP B @T u Ra R I B R B k GT PP 6 u B @T a
HbeHQYbWCffdHbvECh~E!`6`Vw!~EhrGXCUDhCSxCSCbISCbkbRUgCdQbDXhStCSgG
T D 6TP D GW v Ra lP B @T R T6 @ 8 7 uW 7
Lab: Newton's Second Law of Motion
Introduction and Theory: The Newton's Second Law of motion can be summarized by the following equation: F = ma (1)
where F represents a net external force acting on an object, m is the mass of the object moving under the
5
o
k
qp
m
qS1GDh |IVb1iHFeH!e|i!1iqiHfXWfe!xI!qy`0ifIyU iby1iqixtiIcXWHfw
P U B b B U PG G E b y S y6 B U y 6 p yG U G E U 6 E G UW q d b W sfG
f d SG PbW G u y6 U E
k k
o
Dm p uk
G 6 g Bf 6 y U6W U6 sGf b U WW 6 s G E U y U U d db y U G b G E U 6 E 7
Archimedes
287 212 BC
Greek mathema6cian,
physicist, and
engineer
Buoyant force
Inventor
hAp:/en.wikipedia.org/
wiki/Archimedes
Buoyant Force
The upward force is called
the buoyant force
The physical cause
Prelab: Measurements of a Table
Name: _
1. John measured the thickness of a book using a measuring stick. He obtained the following values (in inches): 2.38; 2.36; 2.58; 2.35; 2.37; 2.40; 2.38; 2.34; 2.35; 2.41; 2.37; 23.45. (a) Which of the given data va
Electrostatic and Coulombs Law
Introduction
I. Charge. Electrostatic
Atoms are neutral - they have equal amounts of positive (protons) and negative (electrons) charge.
Therefore objects consisting of these atoms are neutral as well.
From everyday life we
Capacitors and Electrostatics
Introduction and Theory:
Capacitors are found everywhere in modern life. They are what makes computer memory work. They
occur as filters and coupling elements in every radio and TV set. A capacitor stores electric charge.
The
Lab 7:
Introduction and Theory:
Rotational Motion
In this experiment we will study the effect of a constant torque on a symmetrical body. We will determine the angular acceleration of a disk. From this we will measure its moment of inertia, which we will
Free Fall
Students are to demonstrate that the acceleration of an object in free fall is
constant, and to determine the numerical value of that acceleration.
By: Clinton Skvarek
Partners: Choongnam Onoe, David Chen
TA: Cheng Chester Xu
Section: 75529 Mond
Prelab: Free Fall Measurement of "g" Name: _ 1. Given that Harry has two types of materials of the same mass, one is a piece of paper, the other a copper ball; explain why the copper ball hits the ground first when both are dropped near the surface of the
Name/Section: _ PHY 113 PreLab: Conservation of momentum 1. (4 points) What is the definition of linear momentum? Is linear momentum a scalar or a vector quantity? Name one quantity which is a scalar and one quantity which is a vector from your everyday l
Lab: Standing sound waves in air column Introduction and theory In gases sound is propagated only by means of longitudinal waves, in which the displacement of the medium is parallel to the propagation of the wave. The gas molecule's motion consists of osc
Chapter 15: Electric Forces and
Fields
15.1 Properties of Electric Charges
15.2 Insulators and Conductors
15.3 Coulombs Law
15.4 The Electric Field
15.5 Electric Field Lines
15.6 Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium
15.7 The Millikan Oil-Drop Experimen
Deforma(on of Solids
All objects are deformable
It is possible to change the shape or size (or both) of
an object through the applica(on of external forces
When the forces are removed, the object tends to its
o
5
6 E W@ E B
1d`x7fI `rf!C!UCGR17Q C`B
a B I D F B H v Q w v Q B a
HCf7z1Pf!uE!PUCCC!UCRUP [email protected] 6 f 1 C1rp
B I Wa W e Q@ W QH I @ D V QH D@ QH v Q w E Q w a B H B I Wa W e F Q@ W QH I Q F Q V Y B Q w
QHQ
QH [email protected] v YW E Q w W w 6 EW@ E BI
Current Balance
Introduction and Theory:
The current balance is an apparatus that allows measurement of the small force between two current
carrying conductors. It consists of two parallel horizontal bars, which are connected in series. The
current flows
Magnetic Fields
Introduction and Theory: Surrounding a magnet there is a magnetic field. The magnetic field is analogous to the electric field that exists in the space around electric charges. Like the electric field, the magnetic field has both a magnitu
An oscilla*ng Spring Mass System
When x is posi*ve (to the
right), F is nega*ve (to the
le=)
When x = 0 (at equilibrium),
F is 0
When x is nega*ve (to the
le=), F is posi*ve (to the
right) Assume the
Mathema'cal descrip'on of
SHM
What is in terms of k and m?
P
=t
X
0
X=A cos t
For the mass on a spring
a(t)=kX(t)/m = - 2 X(t)
= (k/m)
A
The accelera'on of rota'ng point
P is constant and inwa
Chapter 15: Electric Forces and
Fields
15.1 Properties of Electric Charges
15.2 Insulators and Conductors
15.3 Coulombs Law
15.4 The Electric Field
15.5 Electric Field Lines
15.6 Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium
15.7 The Millikan Oil-Drop Experimen
Physics
Chapter 6 Notes
Energy can be neither created nor destroyed
Chapter 6 example
Example
The ballistic pendulum is a device used to measure the speed
of a fast-moving projectile such as a bullet. The bullet is fired
into a large block of wood suspen
Physics Notes
EXAMPLE
A pulley is hung from the ceiling by a rope. A clock of mass M
is suspended by another rope that passes over the pulley and
is attached to the wall. The rope fastened to the wall makes a
right angle with the wall. Neglect the masses
5.1Work
5.2 Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Theorem
More Examples for Chapter 4
Forms of Energy
Mechanical
o Focus for now
o May be kinetic (associated with motion) or potential
(associated with position)
Chemical
Electromagnetic
Nuclear
Contained
Chapter 4 part 5
Reference Frames, apparent weight, air resistance, and examples
Exam question:
A cruise ship sails due north at 4.50 m/s while a coast guard
patrol boat heads 45.0 north of west at 5.20 m/s. What is the
velocity of the cruise ship relativ
Notes
EXAMPLE: Find out the acceleration of m1 and m2. (look at
drawing to see how to solve)
Contact Forces: Normal Force
Normal force: this force acts in the direction perpendicular to
the contact surface
Can you draw the contact force of the following c