The language families
(China, Korea, Japan locations, capitals, # of speakers)
How many lang. are there world?
How many languages are there in the world?
Why is this difficult (i
Essay 1) Mandala and Classical kingdoms in India and Southeast Asia (Score 20)
A mandala is a geometric representation used to illustrate the dispersal of power within
an empire. When looking at an artistic interpretation of a mandala one will most likely
Unit 6 Culture and Speech Acts
Our conversation rules
Good listening, look at the person talking, take turns talking, stay on
topic: talk about the same things, talk about good topics, no rude or
mean talking, dont talk about weight or personal things, an
The overall result of my attempt to translate the first part is this: The great learnings
path is a bright one, manifested with virtue, being close to people, and to know when to stop in
order to attain good. When to stop and where to be settled
Japanese and Korean Lang overview
Are Japanese and Korean :
Related to Chinese?
Not related to Chinese
Related to each other?
Part of the lang. family?
Not clear Answer
Japanese and Korea
NATIONAL BOUNDARIES MA?
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' \ w“? .
\ m s '
D: H. WGUIS’I‘IC 30mm W
1. Locate than hnguagcs on the map by in the appropriate numbzmai blanks
" Bur-mm Kama: Russian
Notes on Chinese Overview
Official spoken lang of Peoples Republic of China
(lang. called Pu tonghua for Taiwan), one of the
official lang. of Singapore; or any of the hundreds
of regional dialects spoken in China
Commonality behind dive
Unit 2: Language Overview
To find out about a language:
Non-uniformity of the Chinese
How is this notion sustained?
Terms Chinese use to refer to
the language Chinese
Where it is spoken
# of speakers
Phonology Homework # 1
1. The distribution of [s] and  is complementary. While there are minimal pairs within [s] and , it
does not occur in the same environment. The minimal pairs for the following Korean words are
[sinmun] and [sanmun],
Phonology Homework #3
1. The minimal pairs with [k] and [g] appears to occur before vowels [a], [e,],[o], and [u] as well
as the beginning of words.
2. The [l] and  are suspected to have a complementary distribution because there are no
minimal pairs. T
Gelao is one of the minority groups in China with a population of 579,357 people. Most
of the population resides in Wuchuan Gelao, Miao Autonomous County, and Daozhen Gelao
Autonomous County in Guizhou province. With four mutually unintelligible dialects,
Using the 'key’ on page 2, translate this 'ancient Chinese’ document into English. Then, make note of what you had
difficulty with, what parts were straightforward, what things you had to consider, etc. This should be typed up to be
handed in Wednesday.
Unit One: Language and Culture
Language and Culture
Dialects vs. Language
What is a language?
o Means of communication
o Reciprocal verbal interaction
o Words or gesture
o Structure (grammar)
o Complex of universally human potentialities for voc
How do we support a genetic
(know Chinese word order!)
Sino-Tibetan lang. family
Includes ~ 300 E. Asian lang.
Sinitic group (varieties of Chinese dialects such as Mandari
Reticent: inclined to keep silent or uncommunicative restrained in expression,
presentation, or appearance
Extent of talkativeness
Cross-cultural study: the amount of reticent behavior, the interpretation of reticence,
What is an allomorph?
An allomorph is a variant of a morpheme whose
sound changes according to its environment
Plural in English?
Cat + -s = cats
We find allomorphs the same way we find
1. We identify stems by comparing related forms.
Negative questions in Korean
Jaru: things with long handles
Kyeolle: gloves and socks
Choo: guns, rickshaws, violins
Cross-Cultural (mis)communication issues
1. conversation management styles
2. Social norms unspoken, unrecognized assumptions
3. language barrier
4. not being specific
5. Indirectness (only if one is not from a culture
Unit Four Communication Style and Culture
Relationship of Lang. and Culture
How are lang. and culture related?
Lang. are products of their culture
Cultures are products of their lang.
(related to Sapir-Whorf hypothesis)
Religious Traditions in E. Asia
Unit 10 Words In East Asia
Note bring activities
English: words are the elemental building block of language
What is a word?
Fingerprint vs. finger mark
Textbook vs. Text materials
Seaplane vs. Seaair or seaurchin
The Spring Festival: the most ceremonious and grandest festival out of all of them. It
involves putting rice cakes in a dustpan for three days before eating it.
Cattle King Day: On the first lunar of October, sacrifices such as cattle and wine ar
Chinese Dialects and Minority Languages
What does it mean to be Chinese?
The peoples Republic of China (PRC) govern recognizes 56 ethnic, religious, and
Is Chinese a political identity?
An ethnic identity?
Gelao Ethnic Minority
My resource for the project did seem like an excellent source because of the amount of
information it has for the su
Unit 9 Sounds in East Asian Languages
Spelling vs. Transcription
Phonology and Phonetics
Phonology: the pronunciation system of a language
Phonetics: the study of speech sounds as sounds themselves
Phoneticians study: how humans produce
3. according to the reading Honorifics and Speech
Styles, marital status is the most important factor
in determining how the honorific system is used in
9. Katakana was created by abbreviating (taking
pieces of) Chinese characters
National Boundaries MapSE Asia
National Boundaries Map
B. Hong Kong
D. North Korea
All over the world gender roles have played an enormous influence into shaping countries. Those
roles make up and define society. This can be from women being limited to not being able to interrupt her
family to not being able to do anything withou
The Origins of Civilization in
Asias Culture Cores
Earliest humans in Asia:
Homo Erectus, a million years ago
Beijing Man (China)
Java Man (Southeast Asia)
Java Man Skull
Asia, Africa, Eu