EEE 577
Homework #7
Due 12/11/2012
FINAL EXAM
The EEE 577 final exam shall be on Tuesday December 18 at 9:50 am to 11:40 am. The main
section shall take the exam in room COOR L1-20. The overflow class shall take the exam in
room COOR 199. Cyber students n

EEE 577
Homework #6
Due 11/20/2012
FINAL EXAM
The EEE 577 final exam shall be on Tuesday December 18 at 9:50 am to 11:40 am. The main
section shall take the exam in room COOR L1-20. The overflow class shall take the exam in
room COOR 199. Cyber students n

EEE 577
Homework #5
Due 11/01/2012
MIDTERM EXAM
The EEE 577 midterm exam shall be on thursday October 25, during the class hour. This is an
open book, open notes exam. You can not connect to the Internet, however. Off campus students need to send the name

EEE 577
Homework #4
Due 10/18/2012
4.1 This problem concerns the unit commitment (UC) of a small (three generator) power system
at Silver Bell AZ. The forecast load at Silver Bell is shown in Fig. 4.1 and the costs to start up,
shut down, and run units ar

EEE 577 Homework #3
Due October 2, 2012
NOTE #1 The words shown in Table 0 are forbidden words. Please do not use these words in
your homework solutions.
Table 0 Forbidden words
These words are not to be used in technical writing
He
Researches (as a
noun)

EEE 577
Homework #2
Due 09/13/2012
1. You are asked to work the following problems using linear programming (LP). You may use any form of LP that
you wish including Matlab (LINPROG) or Scilab (LINPRO). If you use a programming language, please include a
p

EEE 577
Homework #1
Due 09/06/2012
1. Students are asked to become familiar with the electronic library search facility IEEE Xplore. You can access this
from an ASU portal at
http:/ieeexplore.ieee.org/Xplore/DynWel.jsp
This is a very useful resource for l

EEE 577
G. T. Heydt
Notes #11
1
System response / examples of AGC
Comments on PSSs
Comments on the synchronous AC grid
Power pools and power transfer
Reliability coordination areas and the NERC regions
Wheeling, loop flows
Transmission expansion planning

EEE 577
G. T. Heydt
Notes #8
1
Energy management systems
Operating considerations: prioritizing
objectives
System restoration / alarms / alarm
processing
Hydroelectric generation: an introduction
Renewables, distributed energy resources,
uncertainty in re

EEE 577
G. T. Heydt
Notes #15
1
Linear unbiased state estimation
Least squares method
Biased (weighted) SE
Nonlinear state estimation
Final exam review
2
Caution in the use of simple operations involving
state estimation equations
SECOND EQUATION
IS BIASE

EEE 577
G. T. Heydt
Notes #14
Combining COTs with LDCs to obtain
capacity margin characteristics
Convolution
System reliability, LOLP calculation
Norms an introduction to state estimation
2
GENERATION MARGIN = AVAILABLE GENERATION LOAD
dP/dx = p
Convoluti

EEE 577
G. T. Heydt
Notes #12
1
SCADA
What is deregulation? What is FERC?
The day ahead market and the hour ahead market
Locational marginal prices (LMPs)
A very brief introduction to auctions and the free
market and E-tags
Power pools and operation as a

EEE 577
Power Systems Operation and
Planning
G. T. Heydt
Fall 2012
Class meeting time: T Th 10:30 11:45 am
Location: BYAC 210
Notes #1
Introduction to the course
Class policies, grades, homework, prerequisites,
and other details
Power generation
Overview

EEE 577
G. T. Heydt
Notes #13
Security
Security constrained OPF
Capacity outage tables
Combining COTs with LDCs to obtain
capacity margin characteristics
LOLP
2
Security
What is dynamic security?
Why is this an more issue under
deregulation than under r

EEE 577
G. T. Heydt
Notes #10
1
Generation models
AGC (chapter 9 of W & W)
PSS
Paralleling generating units: speed
-droop
2
Speed control of synchronous machines
For the machine to rotate at synchronous
speed, the mechanical power input to the
machine (f

EEE 577
G. T. Heydt
Notes #5
Dynamic programming (DP)
Transmission effects
Introduction to unit commitment (UC)
An example of UC, solution by DP
2
Dynamic programming
Dynamic programming is an optimization
procedure in which f(X) = x1 + x2 + + xn is
optim

EEE 577
G. T. Heydt
Notes #7
Multiobjective optimization
Unit commitment review
Take or pay contracts
What is an EMS?
2
Midterm exam on 10/25/12, open book,
open notes. Sample exams from
previous years on the web site. To be
reviewed in class.
You shoul

EEE 577
G. T. Heydt
Notes #9
Hydrothermal coordination
Production costing
Introduction to generation control:
synchronous generators
2
Hydrothermal coordination using DP
Easily applied for one reservoir, but more difficult for multiple reservoirs.
Can be

EEE 577
G. T. Heydt
Notes #4
The method of B-coefficients more
details
Kuhn-Tucker method
Dommel Tinney (gradient) method
Reactive power
2
What are the B coefficients?
Assume that Ploss is a quadratic function of Pi
generation levels (this is a scal

EEE 577
G. T. Heydt
Notes #6
Unit commitment priority listing
Lagrangian relaxation (LR)
Unit commitment by LR
Mixed integer programming and UC by MIP
2
Other complexities
Two dimensional DP and higher dimensions
Applications of DP other than UC
UC update

EEE 577
G. T. Heydt
Notes #2
Heat rates
Power generation and optimal dispatch
Optimal mixes
Linear programming, the simplex method
Lagrange multipliers
Iterative lambda method
https:/myasucourses.asu.edu
2
Heat rate = the amount of energy obtained
from a

EEE 577
G. T. Heydt
Notes #3
Lagrange multipliers: method of iterative lambda
Equal incremental cost rule
Economic power dispatch
B-coefficients
2
Method of iterative lambda: let lambda =
0. Find intersection on all incremental
fuel cost curves and read o