Spectroscopy of Ruby
In the following exercise students will study the energy levels and spectroscopy of chromium
(Cr3+) in aluminum oxide (Al2O3), also known as ruby. The 1cm3 ruby cube has a concentration
0.035% Cr3+, meaning there are 350 Cr3
Properties of crystals
X-ray structural analysis
the lattice constants
Objects of the experiment
Investigating and comparing Bragg reflection at an LiF and
PHYSICS 320 LABORATORY
To explore the properties of superconducting materials and experimentally determine the critical
temperature and the temperature coefficient of resistivity () of a superconductor.
MODERN PHYSICS (PHY 320) LAB
THE HALL EFFECT
1. To determine the Hall Coefficient of Copper metal.
To deduce that the transfer of charge is by mobile negative charge carriers ( electrons) .
2. To demonstrate the temperature dependence
GAMMA RAY SPECTROSCOPY
Physics 320 Laboratory
OBJECT: To gain experience in the interpretation of gamma ray spectra for the purpose of
identifying gamma ray emitting isotopes. To acquaint the student with the operation of a
multichannel analyzer (MCA) uti
Determining the limit wavelength min as a function of the tube high voltage U
X-ray diffraction from a monocrystal
1. Convert your angular data so that you can make a plot of Counts/sec vs. wavelength.
Mo Characteristic Peak Analysis
2. Access the evaluation functions of the software X-ray Apparatus b