The Immune System Study Guide
1. The immune system is a system of circulating cells and substances which
have the ability to recognize exogenous micro-organisms and endogenous
cells which have become neoplastic. The cells attack the neoplastic
Colorectal Cancer Self-Study Guide
1. Colorectal cancer is the 3rd most common cancer in both men and women
and the 3rd leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the US.
2. Colorectal cancer starts in the colon or in the rectum.
Biology of Cancer
Define cancer and neoplasm.
Cancer-a general term for a large group of diseases characterized by
uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells.
Neoplasm-any abnormal growth. May be benign or malignant, but the term is
generally used to d
What I need to Read: U1 Health Status of Americans
MMWR (2015). QuickStats: Health Insurance Coverage Among Adults
A bar chart that showed 55-64 year olds (2012-2013) were less likely
Cardiovascular Disease Part II Pathophysiology
Heart is a mechanical device, not that difficult to replicate. Just a pump
11 ounces, 100,000/day (2.5 billion lifetime)
60,000 miles of vessels
4,300 gallons/day (8 pts)
Heart muscle is more dependent on its
HIV/AIDS is a relatively new disease in humans
HIV probably transferred to humans in Africa between 1884 and 1924
HIV probably enters Haiti around 1966
HIV probably enters the U.S. around 1970, African doctors see a rise in opportunistic
Introduction: The Health Status of Americans
1. Illustrate the changes in U.S. life expectancy over the last 100
2. How does the health status of Americans compare with other
3. Explain the changes in the causes of U.S. mortality that ha
Cancer Statistics 2013
- Most common cause of death in Men (28%) and Women (26%) is Lung &
- 2nd Prostate (10%) and Breast (14%)
- 3rd Colon & Rectum (Both 9%)
Cancer Death Rates by Sex & Race, US, 1975-2009
- African American M
HLTH 3010 U5 (Review Self-Study: Adult Immunization, and look at videos in U4)
General Infectious Disorders Part 1
Viruses themselves can be infected
Microbial determinants of infection
-The ability of any agent of infection to produce disease.
USPSTF Self Study Guide
1. What does the acronym USPSTF mean? United States Preventive Services
2. In what setting are services offered? Primary Care Setting.
3. Recommendations for services apply to those who (choose one):
a. Are showing advan
Understanding How the
U.S. Preventive Services
Task Force Works
Improve understanding of the U.S. Preventive
Services Task Force (USPSTF or Task Force)
Explain the connection between the USPSTF and
the Agency for Healthcare Research
HLTH 3010 Quiz #2
1. Allergies would be best described as: hypersensitivity disorder
2. Antibodies are produced in response to presence of antigens by: plasma
3. Microbial determinants of infection are those that relate to the infectious
Healthy People Study Guide
1. Healthy People is a set of specific, measureable objectives to be achieved over
the following 10 years with a vision for improving health and health equity.
2. Briefly summarize the four overarching goals:
a. 1990-decrease mo
Skin Cancer Self-Study Guide
1. Skin cancer is the most common of all types of cancer, and it accounts for at
least half of all cancers.
2. What are the two main types of skin cancer?
b. Non-melanoma skin cancers, which is further broken down
Online Lecture 2
What are single gene disorders? Abnormalities of individual genes.
How do genetic errors cause disease? If there are errors in the gene (bases
are missing or out of order) then the protein synthesis becomes confused.
This confusion can re
Prostate Cancer Self-Study Guide
1. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in men and the second
leading cause of cancer-related death among men in the U.S.
2. Prostate cancer grows slowly (Hint: quickly or slowly?)
3. Which race has a higher
Online Lecture 4
What is the primary prevention of single gene disorders? No medical
intervention available to correct underlying pathology. Prevention is
dependent upon pre-conceptual genetic counseling of at-risk couples.
Chromosomal disorders? These di
Immune-related Disorders Study Guide
1. Describe the following immune system problems:
a. Immune Deficiency Disorder: This is a situation where the immune
system cannot carry out its function because it has been destroyed.
Osteoporosis Study Guide
1. Know the prevalence of osteoporosis
2. How common are osteoporosis-related fractures? Are these fractures easy to
3. What are the non-modifiable risk factors of osteoporosis?
4. How can you prevent it?
5. How do y
Infectious Agents and the Bodys Defenses Study Guide
1. Name the three types of mechanisms the body has to defend itself against
b. Bio chemical defenses
c. Acquired immunity
2. What is the difference between generic and specific
Management of Diabetes Study Guide
1. What are the basic management techniques of type one and type two
Type 1: Insulin + healthy eating + exercise
Type 2: Healthy eating + exercise
Then healthy eating + exercise + tablets
Then healthy eating
Lung Cancer Self-Study Guide
1. Lung cancer is the second most common cancer in both men and women.
2. Lung cancer is the leading cause of death from cancer among men and
women in the US.
3. Name the two types of lung cancer:
a. Small cell lung cancer (SC
Online Lecture 3
How do chromosomal abnormalities occur? Result from abnormal
karyotypes (physical arrangement or chromosomes) resulting from nondisjunction, deletion, and translocation.
Know what deletion, translocations, and non-disjunction mean.
1. Illustrate the changes in U.S. life expectancy over the last 100 years.
In 1900 the average life expectancy was 47 years of age. The current life expectancy for women is
79 and for men it is 72. The life expectancy over the past 100 years or so has inc
Unit 2: What I Need to Know
1. Be able to outline the most important causes of infant mortality in the U.S.
2. Possess an understanding of the mechanisms by which the inherited genetic code
determines cell structure and function.
3. Be able to describe mo
Cancer Screening Study Guide
1. What are the benefits of cancer screening?
a. Cancer Prevention: removal of pre-cancerous polyps to prevent cancer.
b. Improved Survival: early detection markedly improves chances of long term
2. What are the 5 cr
Chapter 5- DNA and Chromosomes
DNA is the Cells Master Code
DNA- deoxyribonucleic acid, directs all cells activities
Backbone- deoxyribose sugars, phosphates, and 4 chemical bases (Adenine,
Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine)
Genes- made from sequences from A,T,G
General Infectious Disorders
Risk of Developing an Infectious Illness =
Virulence of microorganism X Transmissibility
Resistance of the potential host
Microbial determinants of
Preventing Disease through
Risk Identification and
Multiple disease pathways and risk factors
are considered to facilitate earlier intervention
Early assessment and targeted intervention
are needed to prevent and, if neces
Clinical Guidelines on the Identification,
Evaluation, and Treatment of
Overweight and Obesity in Adults
Risks and Assessment
NHLBI Obesity Education Initiative
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
in cooperation with the
National Institute of Diabet